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Vol. XVI: No. 2 DECEMBER, 1912 Price, 10 Cents 


Articles by the Editor in this N'lmber 

History of the Papacy and of the Popes 

Chapter II 

The Story of the South and West 

Chapter XXIII 

An Open Letter to Caidinal Gibbons 

Nc. 8 

The Knights of Columbus tindeavoring 
to Destroy Thos. E. Watson 

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: Vol. XVI. 


John Joseph Scott. 













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-::^^^^;g:^~J^JNTERT cH AS es -> AVfvr\N?1 


John Joseph Scott 

He stands upon the threshold gaunt and grim— 
With brazen mein he revels in the gloom — 
And mocks at scented winds that kiss to bloom 

The violets a-dream in shadows dim. 

Unmoved, he sees enfeebled Summer fall, 

And scorns Love's song, intoned by youthful lips; 
Nor does he spare the drooning bee who sips 

His meed of sweetness from the flowers all. 

The lilies droop and die; o'er sighing strand, 

Gray shrouded skies bow down in deep distress — 
While sylvan nooks seek peace, in sleep's caress. 

Beneath the mantle spread above the land. 

Watson's Magazine 

THOS. E. WATSON, Editor 

History of the Papacy and of the Popes 

Chaptek II. 

IX the following chapter I will 
use as an authority: "A Man- 
uel of Church History, by 
Albert Henry Newman, D, D., 
LLD., Professor of C hurch History 
in Baylor University." 

This profoundly scholarly work 
is published by the American Bap- 
tist Publication Society, of Phila- 

It was first published in the year 
1904. The edition which I am 
using, however, was brought out in 

The Bible itself tells us that the 
worship of the early Christians 
was very free and informal. Dr. 
Newman, like other theological his- 
torians, follows this new testament 
teaching, and states that the wor- 
ship consisted of prayer, the sing- 
ing of psalms, and the reading and 
exposition of the Old Testament 
scriptures. (The New Testament 
was not then in existence.) 

The participation in worship was 
not confined to the official mem- 
bers, but every male member of the 
congregation was permitted to give 
his opinions upon these religious 

Dr. Newman states that the exer- 
cises at one of our ordinary prayer- 
meetings were very similar to those 
devotional exercises of the primi- 
tive Church. 

The Jerusalem Christians met 
partly for a time in the Temple, 
and partly in some upper room. 
The Apostles, in their missionary 
work, used the Jewish synagogues 
until they were driven out ; then 
they held their meeting in jDrivate 

We are told that every primitive 
Christian was a missionary, work- 
ing privately among friends and 
relatives, to convert them to 
Christ. They preached also upon 
the street corners. Artisans would 
spread the Gospel among their fel- 
low-workmen. We are told there 
was burning enthusiasm among the 
earh^ Christians, although they had 
to labor for the most part, in 

Christ Himself did not organize 
any church. Dr. Newman asserts 
that even after Pentecost the great 
body of believers in Jerusalem had, 
for some time, very little organiza- 

These primitive churches were 
independent little democracies, 
although they cultivated brotherly 
relations which made them inter- 

The Church at Jerusalem 
enjoyed a certain pre-eminence 
because of its j^riority and because 
of its identity with the place where 
Christ had suffered. 



Had the religion of Christ 
become powerful among His own 
people, Jerusalem might have been 
the Rome of Christendom. 

It is a melancholy reflection that, 
in all those Eastern countries 
where the Jewish Apostles labored 
so zealously and so fearlessly to 
establish the religion of their Mas- 
ter, there are at present, no native 

It is doubtful if a single Jewish 
missionary is laboring for the con- 
version of the world to Christ. 

Dr. Newman gives the officers of 
the primitive Churches as follows: 
first, Apostles, This term was used 
in the New Testament in the sense 
of missionaries and itinerant 
evangelists. So far as the Twelve 
and Paul are concerned, absolute 
equality was claimed and conceded. 

Second: Prophets. Dr. Newman 
admits that it is not clear to what 
extent they constituted a distinct 

Third : Teachers. It was supposed 
that some of the most prominent 
Christian workers enjoyed a 
divinely appointqd gift. 

Fourth: Evangelists, These were 
the men who were believed to be 
divinely called proclaimers of the 

Fifth: Presbyters, or Bishops. 
These were elected by their breth- 
ren. Their functions were, admin- 
istration of discipline, the settle- 
ments of disputes among Chris- 
tians, the conducting of the public 
services, the administration of the 
ordinances, the supervision of the 
Charities, the general oversight of 
the Church community. 

Sixth: Deacons. The term means 
minister or servant. They were 
elective, and one of their chief 

duties was the distribution of the 
charities of the Church. 

As Dr. Newman points out, the 
religion of Christ is essentially free 
from mere ceremonialism. Baptism 
and the Lord's Supper are the two 
rites that he mentions as peculiar 
to the Christian religion, and lie 
calls attention to the fact, as 
]\Iosheim and others have done, 
that the supper was reallj" a meal 
of victuals taken by baptized 
believers, in memory of their cruci- 
fied Lord. 

* * « • 

We are told in profane history 
how Constantine the Great, made 
a political alliance with the chiefs 
of the Christian sects, and how the 
Christians proved to be the balance 
of power in his struggle for world- 
wide supremacy. 

At that time the Christian relig- 
ion had spread from Britian to 
India. It was firmly planted 
around the Mediterranean. Many 
of its votaries held high office. It 
had accumulated wealth. Sporadic 
persecutions had but strengthened 
it. But by the time it was adopted 
as the State religion of Rome, it 
had lost its primitive form and 
jnirity, and the Churches of the 
Fourth Century were quite unlike 
that of the First and Second. 

The perversion of the ordinances 
into supernatural mysteries; ascet- 
icism and fanatical seeking of mar- 
tyrdom, and the idea that salvation 
could be won by good works were 
firmly fixed in the Church. 

The Christians had adopted a 
fetichism in the reverence for holy 
water, holy places, the bones of 
saints, the cross and the sign of 
the cross, and so forth. 

The pernicious doctrine that the 



priest is the sole channel through 
which the sinner can make his 
peace with God, pervaded the 
churches. Elaborate ceremonial 
had taken the place of the utter 
simplicity of primitive worship. 
The allegorical interpretation of 
Scripture, by which it can be made 
to support any and all doctrines, 
had found its way into the Chris- 
tian religion. 

Ecclesiastical offices had been 
increased, and the power of the 
bishops vastly augmented. 

The use of the candles and the 
office of acolyte, had been intro- 
duced. Exorcists were employed 
to cast out demons. 

By this time the property of the 
congregation no longer belonged to 
it : the bishops had almost exclusive 
power over church funds. 

An episcopacy insensibly grew 
up out of informal synods and 
councils which were utterly 
imknown during the first century 
after Christ. 

It began to be claimxcd that, 
within the limits of his own com- 
munity, a bishop had no superior 
but God. AVhen the emperors 
began to call these councils, their 
decisions at once rose to the impor- 
tance of imperial ordinances obli- 
gatory upon churches. 

In the Fourth Century, a great 
amount of worldliness prevailed 
among the clergy. An almost uni- 
versal licentiousness was common 
among all classes of Christians, 
including bishops, presbyters, dea- 
cons and nuns. This is shown by 
the decrees of the councils them- 

The celibacy of the clergy was 
strongly urged, but not yet made 

obligatory. The central idea was 
that the Church desired that the 
]n-iest should stand apart from his 
fellow-man as an almost super- 
natural creature. 

All authors agree that, when 
Constantine imited the State with 
the Church, it received far more 
pagan material than it could 

Says Dr. Newman: "When the 
churches had become predominat- 
ingly pagan; when pagans of 
wealth and influence entered the 
churches in large numbers, espec- 
ially when they became bishops, as 
was often the case, it was perfectly 
natural that the churches should be 
made to conform to a great extent, 
to pagan temples; should be filled 
with images ; should introduce saint 
worship in the place of poly- 

The evils that Christianity suf- 
fered in consequence of the union 
with the Eoman State, were: 

First, Christianity was secular- 
ized; members were admitted too 
indiscriminately; the Christian 
Church modelled itself on the 
pagan temple. In assuming the 
pomp of the pagan ritual, the 
Christians imitated the practices of 

In other words, when Christi- 
anity was made the fashion, the 
rich pagans joined it because it was 
the fashion. 

As the pagans had been in the 
habit of worshipping gods and 
goddesses, they continued that 
habit, in the Christian Church, 
simply selecting Christian names, 
instead of the names heathen. 

Thus, they gave up the worship 
of Cybele, the mother of their gods. 



and substituted Mary, the mother 
of Christ. 

Instead of paganism surrender- 
ing to Christianity, Christianity 
made a most deplorable surrender 
to paganism. 

Again, the strength of the hier- 
archy was hugely augmented. 

Bishops became supreme; sup- 
ported by the irresistible power of 
the emperors, the ecclesiastics in 
their domain, became a counterpart 
of the great political officers of the 

Rome, being the chief city of the 
West, she was given authority over 
the bishops of the West, and here 
ive have the germ of the papacy. 
* * * * 

The Romanists pretend to hold 
The Fathers of the Church in great 
reverence. Let us see what those 
authorities say upon the subject of 
the clergy. 

Writing of Baptism, at the end 
of the second century, Tertullian, 
one of the most revered Fatliers 
says : 

''The highest priest who is the 
bishop, has the right of administer- 
• ing baptism. Then the presbyters 
and deacons, yet not without the 
authority of the bishop, because of 
the honor of the church, which 
being preserved, peace is pre- 
served. Otherwise,- the right even 
belongs to laymen.' ' 

From this passage may be 
derived very important conclu- 

First, it is clear that, at the close 
of the second century after Christ, 
the perfect equality which pre- 
vailed in the primitive church had 
yielded to the encroachment of 
episcopacy. That is, a priestly 

order liad been evolved, and that 
the layman's right to baptize a con- 
vert had been postponed and sub- 
ordinated to the right of the 
bishop, the presbyter and the 

Second : the bisliop was no longer 
identical with the presbyter. Tlie 
bishop had become superior to the 

Third: each clmrch chose its 
bisho]i, just as it did its presbyter 
and deacon. 

Fourth: every bishop was the 
equal of every other bishoji. 

Fifth: that the bishops did not 
pretend to have received their 
offices from Christ, but admitted 
they were conferred by the local 

Irenaeus, another Father, con- 
temporaneous with Tertullian, 
declares that the true apostolical 
doctrine had been handed down by 
the succession of presbyters. Noth- 
ing is said of any successor to the 
most blessed Peter. Nothing is 
said about the Church being 
founded on one of the apostles, 
instead of upon all. 

Irenjeus most distinctly teaches 
that all the presbyters in the 
churches were the successors of all 
the apostles, and that these presby- 
ters constitute the episcopacy. 

There is absolutely no intimation 
of a papacy. 

Jerome, another Father, teach- 
ing in the 4th century after Christ, 
declares that the presbyters, from, 
custom, rather than from the 
Lord's ordering, should obey the 
bishops; and that these bishops 
should govern the Churches for the 
common welfare. 

Elsewhere, Jerome says that the 
Apostles plainly teach that the 



priests and bishops "are all one" 
— that is, equal. 

Thus we see what tremendous 
strides had to be made in reaching 
a monarchical church, an infallible 
Pope, and a line of successors to 

one Apostle, who monopolizes 
divine representation here on 

In chapters following this, I will 
historically trace this evolution of 
the Papacy, as we now have it. 

TBe Story of the South and West 

Chapter XXIV. 

discoverer of the South 
Pole, was told by the natives, 
while making his celebrated trip 
through the Northwest jDassage, of 
a race of white people living fur- 
ther North. Amunsden made a 
search for these people but could 
not find them. 

Professor Vilhjaimar Stefansson, 
of the American Museum of 
Natural History was more success- 
ful. He spent five years in explor- 
ing the ''top of the world," and 
one of his discoveries was the white 
race of which Amunsden had been 

These people are living on Vic- 
toria Island, 30 degrees east of the 
mouth of the Mackenzie River, and 
more than 2,000 miles from the 
coast line. They are still in the 
stone age. They are believed to be 
the descendants of the followers of 
Lief Ericksen who came from Ice- 
land to Greenland, about the year 
1000, and who a few years later 
discovered the north coast of North 

Stefansson declares that these 
white people do not at all resemble 
the Mongol or Esquimaux type, but 
are of purely Norwegian origin. 

They number about 2,000; and live 
on both shores of Coronation Gulf, 
on Victoria Island, and on the 
mainland of North America. 

These long-lost people told Ste- 
fansson that they had never seen 
any white men previous to the 
arrival of his party. Their own 
physical characteristics are red 
hair, blue eyes, fair skins and tow- 
colored eyebrows and beards. 

They live beyond the range of 
vegetation — moss excepted — and 
their diet is fish and caribou. 

It was in 1908 that Stefansson set 
out upon his voyage of discovery: 
it was in September 1912 that he 
landed at Seattle on his return. 

Inasmuch as his discovery of the 
Norwegians is considered of very 
great ethnological importance, 
ranking next to the desired discov- 
ery of the Lost Tribes of Israel, 
I give the facts at this point, 
although they are not in chrono- 
logical order. 

They do prove most conclusively 
that North America was known to 
the hardy seamen of Scandinavia, 
hundreds of years before Columbus 
discovered the West Indies. 

To those who' are acquainted 
with the character of King Henry 



VII. of England — unromantic, ava- 
ricious and harsh — it seems almost 
incredible that he should have lis- 
tened favorably to the propositions 
of the Venetian dreamer, Giovanni 
Gabotta, and should fit him out 
with a fleet for a voyage of discov- 
ery. , However, he did so ; and in 
consequence the shores of the 
mainland of North America were 
sighted by the Venetian navigator, 
(whose name we anglicise to 
John Cabot) on June 24, 1497. For 
some reason not now discoverable, 
Cabot's son, Sebastian, is often 
given the credit of the discovery. 

This fleet of five English vessels 
visited ''the bears and rude sav- 
ages of Labrador," and gave the 
first impetus to that continuous 
train of efforts at discovery, explo- 
ration and colonization which was 
made glorious and memorable by 
so much daring, so much unselfish- 
ness, so much endurance, so much 
tragedy, and such brilliance of final 

I have already, in connection with 
the story of Virginia, told of the 
ventures of Sir Walter Raleigh, 
and his step-brother. Sir Hum- 
phrey Gilbert. Let me briefly men- 
tion that, after Gilbert had 
perished at sea, his noble brother 
was not disheartened : on the con- 
trary he put two more ships to sea, 
under the command of Philip 
Ami das and Arthur Barlow. 

Sailing from England in April 
1f)54 they reached the coast of 
North Carolina, in July of the 
same year. 

Captain Amidas wrote home to 
Raleigh an enthusiastic descrip- 
tion: "the fragrance, as we drew 
near the land, was as if we had 
been in the midst of some delicate 

garden, abounding in s\\\ manner of 
odoriferous flowers." 

Tlie white men were given a hos- 
pitable reception by the Indians. 
The report of Captains Amidas and 
Barlow testifies that, ''The people 
are the most gentle, loving, faith- 
ful, void of all guile and treason, 
and such as lived after the manner 
of the golden age." 

Planting the colony on Roanoke 
Island, the ships returned to Eng- 

Other expeditions followed, as 
we have already seen, and tragedy 
succeeded tragedy. One colony 
abandoned North Carolina, and 
sailed home with Sir Francis 

Another colony, left by Sir Rich- 
ard Greenville, disappeared. 

Then came the colony planted by 
John White (1587) under the com- 
mands of Sir Walter Raleigh, of 
course; and it was in this colony 
that Eleanor Dare was born — first 
born child of English parents in 
the Western world. 

It was this colony whose appar- 
ent obliteration and mj^sterious 
disappearance has given rise to so 
much speculation. 

There is no doubt in my mind 
that these whites, when their provi- 
sions gave out, simply joined the 
mild, friendly Croatan Indians. 

In one of the earlier chapters of 
this series, was incorporated a very 
masterly argument, supporting this 

Wheeler, the historian of North 
Carolina, was evidently of the same 

He says : 

"Lawson, the earliest historian 
of Carolina, believes that the Eng- 
lish, despairing of all relief, from 



the long absence of their friends, 
amalgamated with the Indians. In 
confirmation of which he learned 
from the Hatteras Indians that 
several of their ancestors were 
white people, and could talk in a 

**The truth of which is confirmed 
by gray eyes being among these 
Indians and no others." 

It is said that Sir Walter 
Raleigh sent five expeditions to 
find his lost colony. Failing in all, 
and exhausted financially, the great 
Englishman became discouraged, 
and sold his charter — or trading 
privileges — to a company of which 
the rich London merchant, Thomas 
Smith, was the leading spirit. 

Raleigh had spent a sum which 
in our day would have the purchas- 
ing power of at least a million dol- 
lars, but had completely failed. It 
was not until 69 years after Cap- 
tains Amidas and Barlow had 
landed on the fragrant shores of 
North Carolina, and had written 
home about the loving Indians, liv- 
ing the life of the Golden Age, that 
a prosaic man, by the name of 
Roger Green led a colony from 
Virginia, into the region watered 
by the Roanoke, the Chowan and 
their tributary streams. 

Previous to that time, however. 
North Carolina had been the haven 
of refuge to a few Quakers and 
Baptists who fled from the relig- 
ious persecution of other colonies. 

I have mentioned Sir Francis 
Drake, who took back to England 
one of Raleigh's despairing col- 
onies: as he was a famous sea-cap- 
tain, typical of his age, you may 
get an illuminating glimpse of 
those times by reading a letter of 

his to Queen Elizabeth — a most 
remarkable document. 

It was written in 1589. 

**0n the 17th we took an obser- 
vation, and found ourselves in lati- 
tude 30 degrees 30 seconds, near a 
large island, where we had infor- 
mation of a Spanish settlement of 
magnitude. Seeing some log 
houses, we decided to make a land- 
ing. We unfurled the standard of 
St. George and approached the 
shore in great force, that we might 
impress the enemy with the puis- 
sance of Your Majesty. The 
accursed Spaniards, concealed 
behind the trees, fired upon us. 
One of our men was sorely 
wounded by the Spanish captain, 
whom we presently made prisoner ; 
and having set up a gallows, we 
there hanged him in a chain by the 
middle, and afterwards consumed 
with fire gallows and all. To us the 
great God was most merciful and 
gracious, in that He permitted us 
to kill eighteen Spaniards, bitter 
enemies of your sweet Majesty. 
We further wasted the country and 
brought it to utter ruin. We 
burned their houses and killed 
their few horses, mules, and cattle, 
eating what we could of the fresh 
beef and carrying the rest aboard 
our ships. Having in mind the 
merciful disposition of your gra- 
cious Majesty, we did not kill the 
w^omen and children; but, having 
destroyed upon their island all the 
provision and property and taken 
away all their weapons, we left 
them to starve." 

The island referred is Cumber- 
land, off the Georgia Coast. 

It was on the 24th of March 1663 
that King Charles II. *'who never 
said a foolish thing, and never did 



a wise one," granted to a group of 
royalists all that immense area 
between the Atlantic and Pacific 
oceans, lying between 31 and 3(5 
degrees of latitude. 

One of the grantees was that 
Cromwellian general Monk, who 
was mainly instrumental in the 
restoration of the Stuart dynasty 
to the throne of England. Charles 
had elevated him to the dukedom of 
Albemarle. A curious detail about 
him is that his virago of a wife held 
him in complete domestic subjec- 

The Earl of Clarendon was 
another of the donees of this impe- 
rial domain in the Western world. 
His family name was Hyde, and he 
rose to the Lord Chancellorship of 
England. His daughter, Anna, con- 
tracted a secret marriage with the 
brother of King Charles II. — he 
who afterwards became King 
James II. 

Upon the approach of an inter- 
esting event, Anna Hyde insisted 
that her legal marriage to the royal 
prince be pui)licly acknowledged by 
him. The fact of the marriage 
having proven to the satisfaction 
of the King, he conceded the justice 
of the lady's demand. 

This acted injuriously upon the 
position of her father; and not a 
great while afterwards, he lost his 
high office of Chancellor. 

The other Carolina grantees 
were Lord Berkeley, Lord Ashley, 
Sir George Carteret, Sir John Col- 
leton, and Sir William Berkeley, 

who was at that time Governor of 

William Drummond was 
appointed Governor of Carolina, 
by the same Sir William Berkeley 
who afterwards had the brave, lib- 
erty-loving Scotchman put to 
death — mocking him as he sen- 
tenced him — for his share in 
Bacon's Rebellion. (1(107.) 

At that time, the Carolina colony 
contained about 4,000 inhabitants. 
Their first assembly to make laws 
met in 16(59, Stevens being Gov- 

The historian, AVheeler, says: 

"No freer country was ever 
organized by man. Freedom of 
conscience, security from taxation 
except by their own consent, were 
their first objects." 

Immigrants were exempt from 
taxation for a year, and no one 
could be sued for a debt contracted 
outside the colony in less than five 

Every immigrant received a 
bounty in land. 

"Are there any," asks the his- 
torian Bancroft, "who doubts 
man's capacity for self-govern- 
ment? Let them study the history 
of North Carolina. 
• "The inha])itants were restless 
and turbulent in their imperfect 
suljmission to a government 
imposed on them from abroad: the 
administration of the colony was 
firm, humane and tranquil when 
left to themselves." 

The Responsibility of the Educated Class 
to Public Service 

Farrar Newberry, A.M. 

DECIDEDLY one of the most 
hopeful and encouraging signs 
of hite in the system of higher 
education throughout the land is the 
increasing realization among the edu- 
cated men, over and above the sense of 
satisfaction which comes to them 
because they know that they have, by 
reason of their superior advantages 
and training, a better opportunity in 
public work and community service, a 
more thorough understanding of the 
science by which they and their fellows 
are ruled, that they are in honor bound 
to actually participate in the admin- 
istration of public affairs. 

The aloofness of the more highly 
educated has been one of the lament- 
able facts of history. But with the 
advance in the promotion of these pub- 
lic utilities themselves and the eleva- 
tion of public life to an ever-higher 
plane has come an appreciation of the 
serious character of public problems 
on the part of this so-believed and 
so-called "aristocracy of learning," 
which does no less than demand that it 
fall in line and render to the various 
social and political betterment move- 
ments the stimulus of its A^ery best 

In fact it. is perhaps now beyond 
dispute, even by the most classically 
learned, that upon the educated men of 
the da}' falls, in the solution of our 
public questions, economical, political, 
social, religious, the very heaviest obli- 

In discussing this obligation, in 
thoroughly familiarizing ourselves 
with the purport of this late recog- 
nized responsibility, it is very interest- 
ing to note some of the graver misap- 
prehensions under which the teachers 

and educational directors have hereto- 
fore, and to an extent still labor — zeal- 
ously no doubt — and some of the con- 
sequent errors into which they have 

One of these deplorable misconcep- 
tions of duty has been the idea, sternly 
maintained by the educated leader, 
that he cannot afford to neglect his 
"private business," his classes, his 
study, his necessary confinement 
within the walls of his great library, 
and his hours for literary composure, 
for the baser pursuits of campaign 
speaking, instructive lecturing on 
political and economic themes before 
the people, or even for voting. The 
paucity of voters among college pro- 
fessors, even now, is alarming'. Firm 
in the assertion that its vote would be 
cancelled anyway by the ballot of 
some inferior "pleb," scholarship has 
persistently stayed away from the 
polls, unwilling to get out, pull off its 
coat and engage strenuously in the 
work of educating the political concept 
of the "pleb" up to a plane where the 
latter could vote as intelligently as it. 
The fear that his influence, if exerted, 
would be immediately overturned by 
some one of less training and smaller 
advantages, though perhaps in fact 
with greater natural ability, is one of 
the compelling elements of the profes- 
sor's "private business" plea. In the 
South our professors often, especially 
twenty-five or thirty years ago, posi- 
tively refused to go to a poll 
which permitted the ex-slave and the 
ex-slave's son to come up behind him 
and cancel his ballot by placing a con- 
trary ballot on top of it. And indeed 
in this he has had the majority of 
intelligent white men of all classes on 



his side in the successful attempt to 
throttle the political poAver and influ- 
ence of the black man at the South. 
The passage of grandfather and simi- 
lar laws restricting the political lib- 
erty of the negro has practically elimi- 
nated him, politically, from the 
administration of affairs in that 

Speaking now more especially of 
that portion of the higher educated 
engaged in teaching, the scholarship of 
the country has been guilty of still 
graver error in the very conduct of its 
own work, viz. : the training of others 
who themselves must or ought to 
become political units by reason of 
their not-far-distant electorship. 
Indeed, perhaps the greatest present 
evil of our colleges is the development 
in the student of a critical spirit which 
is rather inclined to find fault with all 
administration of public affairs, and is 
consequently to that extent anarch- 
istic, than to show any humanitarian 
desire to work effectively and con- 
structively for the public weal. This 
is greatly the fault of the teachers, 
who themselves have been trained in 
those analytical and critical methods, 
which, to be sure, are so essential to 
sound scholarship but which have so 
often proved misleading. And a man 
filling so responsible a place as the 
college teacher certainly does — for he 
too is verily in loco parentis, though 
not altogether so in the same sense as 
the teacher lower down — is influential, 
if not absolutely effective, if he has 
about him anything in the way of 
strength in his line of work and per- 
sonality to command respect, in per- 
manently arousing a critical and 
destructive spirit among his proteges. 

There is, too, though it be not so 
largely the fault of the teacher, the 
tendency to encourage college students 
to shrink from the rough men out in 
the world who are actively engaged in 
performing the hardest kind of tasks 
connected with the carrying on of the 

world's work, which tasks, though 
rough, are altogether necessary of 
accomplishment. I am sure that this 
shrinking from the big, uncouth forces 
which are accomplishing these things 
is more noticeable among the more 
elite and scholarlv than anj' other 
class of men. I know one professor in 
a great State university who, so far 
from encouraging the reading of news- 
papers and political periodicals and 
keeping posted on a great campaign 
then being waged in the State for a 
social reform (made a political issue), 
upon tlie issue of which absolutely and 
directly depended the welfare of thou- 
sands of families in that State, brought 
to bear upon his classes all the influ- 
ence of which he was capable against 
their "contact with the vile candidates 
on both sides who are daily slurring 
one another in this campaign," or 
reading "'the sheets which are printing 
their slanderous advertisements." Let 
us hope that the tendency will increas- 
ingly be away from this calamitous 
shrinking from public reform and bet- 
terment simply because to gain the 
good there is necessarilj^ much of evil 
to be dealt with. 

And let us, whenever we find the 
opportunity, praise that teacher who, 
on the other hand, encourages his stu- 
dents to pitch in and attempt to 
remedy existing evils, cure present ills, 
and clean up and purify the muddled 
waters which, but for the inactivity 
and watchfulness of many who ought 
to be leaders, would perhaps be already 
clear. There recently came directly 
under my observation, in one of the 
larger colleges of the South, an 
instance where the students had an 
opportunity of showing that they had 
been trained by superior and right- 
thinking teachers. One of the candi- 
dates for the United States Senator- 
ship was billed to speak at the court- 
house in the town where the university 
is located. This Senator has for some 
3'ears been a constant libel on the good 



name of the Commonwealth which has 
through ignorance elected him to 
office, and has done nothing at all in 
the way of constructive statesmanship 
because he is not morally capable of it. 
An engineering class at the university 
was scheduled to meet for regular reci- 
tation at the hour set for the speaking ; 
but Avithout the request of any of the 
students the professor adjourned the 
class and went with the boys to the 
court-house. These fellows, with fift-y 
or more other university students, so 
far from listening patiently to the 
harangue of the whiskey-sotted orator, 
actually raised such a "rough house" 
as to force the vile champion of liquor 
and corruption to cease his efforts at 
speaking and quit the stand. A'V^iile it 
is not a creditable deportment that 
breaks up a public gathering of this 
kind, yet the effect upon the assembled 
crowd was altogether wholesome. At 
any rate it was a far better thing than 
staying away and allowing the hood- 
lum and the hoodwinked to run the 
meeting ! 

It now especially devolves upon the 
more highly educated to show their 
patriotism by taking their share of the 
responsibility in the execution of good 
public policies, when the spirit of 
patriotism is becoming so increasingly 
strong an attribute among the lower 
classes in the body politic. The char- 
acteristic political attitude of the pro- 
fessor is that of independence. I am 
sure that if Mr. Hearst had named his 
party a few years past with a view to 
really being independent of the graft 
and greed and corruption wdiich have 
been so patent in the larger parties in 
this country, and had upon that plank 
bidden for the critical scholarship of 
the country, his ranks would have been 
very noticeably enlarged. 

Teachers should be men of very 
strong party affiliations, instead of 
holding off and, when asked their 
l^olitical faith or alignment, mildly 

asserting that they are "independents." 
No man, and especially one aspiring to 
the leadership in any line of human 
endeavor, should be a slave to party. 
But leadership in any line can never 
hope to stand at the head of affairs, 
politically or socially, Avithout the 
strong conviction and steadfast adher- 
ence to some principles set forth by a 
strong part}' organization. The teach- 
ing profession must realize that only 
through an organization sufficiently 
strong to command the respect of the 
voter, can victory for righteous 
reforms be secured, and the cause of 
social uplift, free from jDrejudice, plu- 
tocratic influence and class pride, be 
successfully waged. 

But the scholarship of the country, 
in entering the lists of any organiza- 
tion, must not be so stern and unbend- 
ing in its allegiance to its principles as 
to be wholly unwilling to make any 
sort of compromise with others, when 
compromises are for the best interests 
of the people. Let us consider that 
most of what we have at all in the way 
of government is the result of compro- 
mise. Our constitutions. Federal and 
State, are bundles of compromises, and 
the most learned adept in political 
science Avill scarcely question the 
wdiolesomeness of the results of those 
wrangles in which the fathers engaged 
in the memorable convention Avhich 
dreAv our first permanent governing 

Surely the theoretical politician, the 
student of historical struggles and the 
science of political government, will 
not refuse to have anything to do with 
the practical politicians Avhom for 
want of better brains and more right- 
eous hearts the jDCople are allowing to 
direct the affairs of the world. Let the 
cultured and refined dealer in philoso- 
phic theories remember that while the 
Greek theorists were striving to make 
their students understand the doctrines 
of government set forth in Plato's 



ideal republic, the practical politicians 
were plundering the provinces and 
bringing to an inglorious end the lib- 
erties of the Greeks. Let him recall 
tliat the next greatest government in 
the chronology of history, Rome, fell 
for practically the same reason. The 
universal historical results of such 
platitudinizing as he is now engaged 
in studying and teaching is a fact 
demanding the most serious reflection 
upon his part. 

The present graft in politics and 
corruption in public life, while chal- 
lenging the best efforts of wise and 
honest leadership, are at the same time 
arousing the anger of the commons to 
an extent that no evil in the history of 
the world perhaps, not exceeding the 
Chartist movement of the nineteenth 
century, has resulted in doing. And if 
the learned classes in this country, 
those who really ought to direct affairs, 
desire to have any part at all in the 
consummation of the imminent sweep- 
ing and general reforms in the public 

administration, they verily must "up, 
guards, and at them!"' 

In conclusion, the educated man 
must take an increasing part in the 
laudable public work of self-govern- 
ment, lie nnist shoulder more of the 
burdens which, per force go with citi- 
zen^-liip in a republic. He must 
actually do something to clarify the 
bemuddled waters of political corrup- 
tion, and not simply, from his throne 
of learning, tell how others ought to 
perform this work. He must theorize, 
to be sure; he must have a high ideal; 
but he must engage in a constant effort 
toward the practical working out of 
that ideal. Finally, his work must be 
engaged in unselfishly, with the aim at 
doing the greatest good for the i:)eople, 
and not for himself, and with the full 
realization of the fact that his success 
in this most laudable work is only con- 
sistent ^vith his leaving entirely out of 
consideration the probable Avounding 
and withering effect upon his own 
finer sensibilities. 

Woman's Position in the Catholic Church 

Austin Bierbower 

THE position of woman in the 
Roman Catholic Church is 
made to emphasize the general 
sjiirit of inequality which that church 
inculcates. Women are subject, and 
not deemed entitled to or qualified for, 
the highest position in either Church 
or State. They may not become 
priests, cardinals or Pope. They can- 
not exercise priestly functions. Their 
only privilege is to serve the priests. 
They may wait on them in private, 
make sacred vestments for them, work 
lace, clean the vessels of the church, 
and do like menial offices. They may 
teach, nurse, and assist in hospitals 
and nunneries; but the management 
and supervision of religious affairs 
are by men, even where women alone 
are confined. Far from participating 
in the rule of the church, they do not 
enter its councils. The Roman Cath- 
olic Church is governed by men only, 
having a one-sex rule. 

The inferiority of women is pro- 
nounced in many ways, sex being a 
disqualification for sacred functions. 
Cnly as recipients of divine influences 
liave women a place; they never 
imjnirt them. They may not admin- 
ister the sacraments, hear confession, 
pronounce absolution, or bless the 
various objects "sanctified." They do 
not belong to the sacred class. There 
is something in sex fatal to that holi- 
ness which men can impart. God will 
not work through a Avoman, but 
requires the male vrhcn turning bread 
into the body of Christ and forgiving 
sins. Females were created inferiors, 
and cursed at birth with impotency in 
all higher and more sacred matters. 
They must receive the churchl}^ graces 
from man, who has her at his mercy in 
religion. The grace of God was all 
given to one sex to dispose of. 

Women may not preach, as in some 
Protestant churches, notwithstanding 
their ability as talkers. Their appear- 
ance in the pulpit would be scandal- 
ous. They were made to listen as 
inferiors, to receive advice instead of 
giving it. One sex alone must tell the 
world what to do. The orders in 
religion all come from the males, who 
have silenced the other half of the 
Avorld. Women may not even lecture 
in Roman Catholic churches. The 
whole spirit of this church revolts 
against the idea of their being heard. 

The Roman Catholic policy is to 
degrade the low still lower, imposing 
disabilities on the weak instead of 
abilities, making the strong stronger 
and the weak weaker, the great 
greater and the humble humbler. 
Woman, weak in a few things, is made 
weaker in many. There is nothing in 
the priestly functions that she could 
not easily do. No ability, intellectual 
or physical, is required to baptize, 
administer the eucharist, or perform 
other duties of the altar. She could 
chant the service as well as man, hear 
confession as well, pronounce benedic- 
tions and absolution as w^ell, and say 
mass as well; in fact, she is specially 
fitted for such things which are clean, 
easy work, done in-doors, and in the 
line of household duties. 

Female hands, which are best to 
administer in sickness and love, ought 
to be best in religion where similar 
tenderness and neatness are required. 
The assumption of all the eas}^ j^laces 
in the church by one sex excludes 
women from half the '"snaps" of life, 
and, by taking men from other places, 
for which they alone are fit, compels 
women to enter such places — as that 
of scrub. If women did the work of 
priests, or half of it, many men would 



be released for more productive work. 
The gentler sex could furnish at least 
half as many good persons for the 
priesthood as the other. 

This idea of the inferiority of 
women and their unfitness for rule is 
naturally carried over from Church to 
State. Women should not, in their 
view, have more or very different 
privileges from what the}' now have, 
— especially nothing that would make 
them equal to men in power. Like 
laymen they are to be ruled. Their 
place as inferiors is to be preserved by 
exemption from poAver. It would 
make too man}' thinkers to admit 
women among the original actors, and 
so increase the world's independence. 
Roman Catholics want dependent 
classes recognized, and in women they 
have a type of submission. The 
Roman Catholic Church is jealous of 
all who assume power. According to 
its principles there should be fewer, 
not more, sovereigns. The multiplicity 
of rulers makes people less controll- 
able. Should women participate in 
civil government, they would want to 
do so in church government; and if 
they get to thinking on politics, they 
will think on religion, and female 
theologians will follow female poli- 
ticians. The church wants few^r theo- 
logians, instead of more, and wants 
more believers in theology. Instead of 
the makers of creeds, the accepters of 
them should be increased. 

^luch of woman's fondness for 
religion is ascribed to the fact that it 
is something furnished by man only, 
in the producing of which her own 
sex has no part, and to which no 
woman can aspire. Had women to do 
with its inception its mystery would 
vanish, since mystery is possible only 
on the supposition that another class 
has it. ^Making women rulers wijDes 
out a difference between them and 
men, and a difference on which the 
church relies — their inequality. 

For while women are recognized as 
inferiors the idea of inequality is 
plain. An inferior class is furnished; 
and the fact that there is some infe- 
riority justifies the imputation of 
more. Inferiority being established, 
and the distinctions in privileges 
founded thereon being recognized, the 
way is easy for the imposition of any 
number, it being only a question of 
more or less. Women are made the 
type of all inferior classes. By sancti- 
fying their weakness, and extending 
protection and other patronizing 
favors to it, Roman Catholics believe 
that women can be reconciled to it, and 
made content in it, and that this treat- 
ment can be extended with like effect 
to peasants, workingmen and other 
inferior classes. Anything to keep the 
many from rising in power is favored, 
since such rise threatens the destruc- 
tion of the hierarchy and aristocracy. 
Independence is death to inequality. 
AVhen all exercise their private judg- 
ment the tyranny of the few becomes 
impossible. Hence the favored scheme 
of oligarchists, in Church and State, is 
to make the many contented in their 
disabilities, to which end they are wil- 
ling to give them some comforting 
anodyne in the shape of protection 
from burdensome obligations. The 
priests and nobility are always willing 
to relieve the women and poor of the 
cares of government, and to praise 
their faithfulness and loyalty when 
they accept this arrangement. 

With this view, Roman Catholics 
oppose higher education for women. 
In convents they are taught, mainly, 
embroidery, P'rench, music, painting 
and other ornamental and household 
branches, which do not bring their 
minds to the intellectual contests of 
the day. Their training is chiefly in 
the interest of religion, not in power. 
They do not feel their liberty and 
capacity for rule. Their lesson is one 
of subjection of contentment in infe- 



riority, and of belief that they will be 
more loved it they leave power to men, 
and especially to priests. 

With this view, Roman Catholic 
women take a subordinate position, as 
do Roman Catholic laymen. They 
have virtually no place in literature, 
business or public life. Books written 
by Roman Catholic women are few. 
They rarely appear in journalism. 
While thousands of Protestant women 
send out works of fiction, poetry, the- 
ology and science, forming a majority 
of writers in some departments, and 
while editors, correspondents and 

reporters flourish among them, Roman 
Catholics are horrified at such work 
for women. While Protestant clubs 
abound, in which all current questions 
are discussed, Roman Catholic women 
meet for little more than social chat, 
dancing and other less intellectual 
amusements, and are shocked at any- 
thing like the salons of the "infidel" 
French. While Protestant women are 
abreast of Protestant men in most 
intellectual matters, there is a great 
inferiority of Roman Catholic women 
to Roman Catholic men in everything 
but fidelity to the Church. 

Humphrey Granger's Losses 

Chapter II. 

"I don't know wdiat is right," I 
replied sorrowfully; "but if we had 
found these letters last December, 
when we looked for them, you would 
have written to your brother, and he 
would have been on his way home now. 
Do perfect honor and honesty depend 
upon an accident like this? If you 
could only decide upon wdiat is right, 
and leave the rest to God!" 

"But Lavinia !" he groaned. 

"She will loA'e you the better for it," 
I said, but not in perfect honesty 
myself, for I did not believe it in my 
heart. "If I were Lavinia, I would 
rather go with you into the bush than 
live upon a brother's birthright." 

The remainder of the tinted sheet of 
paper on the desk before him was 
filled up with a very different subject, 
and far less elaborate penmanship 
than usual. Miss Grainger resented 
my unfortunate discovery bitterly, and 
appeared to think there was something 
felonious in my act of locking up my 
husband's coat in my own trunk, and 
that my finding the letter after this 
interval was part of a conspiracy. 

Cousin Humphrey, as if to strengthen 
himself against any return of inde- 
cision, made it known throughout 
Sherwood that Rowland was at length 
traced out ; and at every time of telling 
the story to some old retainer who 
remembered his brother, his tone grew 
steadier and more cordial, as though 
he would be ready to give the prodigal 
a hearty welcome. All that was lack- 
ing to complete his resignation was 
Lavinia's reply. 

It did not come for several days, 
during which Humphrey was restless 
ang anxious; but one morning a letter 
for him, and another for Miss Grain- 
ger, arrived. He carried his away 
from the breakfast-table to the retire- 
ment of the library; but I had the 
double pleasure of seeing Miss Grain- 
ger read hers wdth a most expressive 
face, and afterwards of reading it 
myself. It was a long and very pious 
letter, full of admiration at the mys- 
terious w^ays of Providence; extremely 
affectionate, too, for she said that, 
though Humphrey had so nobly and 
generously released her from an 
engagement long distasteful to her 



feelings, she saw nothing to interfere 
with the sisterly attachment which 
had existed between them from her 
cradle. It was this last sentence that 
lashed Miss Grainger into fury, and 
ever afterwards rankled in her mind. 

"Base creature!" she oxclaimed; '"it 
is too true. I have known her from 
her very cradle, but I could never have 
believed this. Away with such 
women I they are not fit to live. Provi- 
dence ! When anybody does a mean, 
disgraceful, villanous action, they lay 
the blame on Providence. I have no 
patience. Oh Mrs. Harry, is it possible 
that such a woman can be found on 
English soil?" 

I was ashamed to discover in my 
own heart a latent, hardly-acknowl- 
edged sense of satisfaction, not at all 
sympathetic with Humphrey's unhap- 
piness, but which enabled me to ]om 
most cordially in all Miss Grainger's 
censures; and as nothing has a more 
reconciling tendency than a thorough 
unison of antipathy and resentment 
against another, the false-hearted 
Lavinia became the bond of union 
between iis. All the morning we 
mourned over Humphrey, and wept 
compassionating tears, mitil, both of 
us growing anxious about him, Miss 
Grainger requested me, as a privileged 
intruder, to venture boldly into his 

The library was empty; but the 
window was open, and I passed 
through it into the park, Avhere the 
hay was being made. A glance was 
enough to convince me that my gigan- 
tic cousin was not among the group of 
haymakers who were loading the 
wagons with the great cocks which he 
and I had helped to pile up the day 
before. I knew Humphrey's haunts 
Avell; and a moment's consideration 
turned my steps to the coppice of fir- 
trees beyond the park, where a path, 
slipperj'^ with brown needle-like s^^ines 
from the bough overhead, led to a little 
meadow inclosed by woods, and shel- 

tered with wild high hedges of rose- 
brier and thorn. Last night we had 
been watching the haymakers rake the 
newly-mown grass into long wavy 
swaths; and we had lingered after 
they were gone in the moonlight, 
sitting under a bowery hawthorn tree 
in the midst, by whose roots a moun- 
tain-brook rushed rapidly and noisily 
down its narrow channel. The field- 
gate was swinging upon its hinges, and 
as I passed through it I saw in an 
instant that Humphrey was there, 
lying under the thorn-tree, and 
motioidess — so motionless, that, as I 
stood afar off straining my eyes to 
detect some sj^mptoms of animation, 
my heart beat with a sudden panic, 
and darting down swiftly to his side, I 
bent over him, and laid my hand softly 
upon his uncovered head. Then he 
moved to shake it off, but did not 
look up. 

"It is only Tory, Cousin Hum- 
phrey," I whispered, sitting down 
beside him. 

Cousin Humphrey hid his face upon 
my lap, and burst into such a passion 
of tears and sobs as only a strong man 
long unused to weeping can suffer; 
while I could say nothing to him, 
could do nothing for him, but press 
my hands lightly upon his bowed 
head, and reproach m3'self angrily for 
the unconquerable satisfaction I felt in 
the cause of his terrible grief. 

"What a fool I am!" he exclaimed 
at last, rising and shaking himself 
wrathfully. "I don't mind you, Tory; 
but I could not endure anyone else 
seeing my weakness. Oh Toiy ! I have 
had no hope these ten years but that of 
making Lavinia my wife." 

"She is a hateful — " I began. 

"Hush! not yet!" he interrupted, 
with a look of ^jain. "You must not 
say a word against her, Tory. All 
today every hope and plan I have ever 
formed have been passing through my 
mind again; and all the letters she has 
written, and every word of love, so few 



and raro, that she has ever spoken. I 
shall never be the same man again. 
See, Tory, here is her portrait." 

It was a delicate miniature on ivory, 
with a smile upon the fair false face. 
He had been keejDing it close in his 
hand; but as he held it toward me, I 
snatched it from him in a sudden freak 
of indignation, and dashed it against 
the stones of the mountain-stream at 
our feet. He looked amazed, and in 
some degree wrathful — this rather 
slow, impassive, phlegmatic British 
gentleman; but he made no effort to 
recover the shattered fragments, 
already whirling down the tiny eddies 
of the rejoicing current. He lifted me 
over the brook, which I had crossed 
unaided in running down to him, and 
carried me some paces beyond it, held 
fast and close in his arms; and as we 
walked home side by side he rested his 
hand upon my shoulder, leaning upon 
me, and being led by me as one blind 
with rage or sorrow. 

Never was I so mortified and 
humiliated in my life as to perceive 
how quickly a man can rally after the 
most cruel blow dealt by the most 
faithless of our sex. Sadly, with 
merciless reprobation of Lavinia's 
perfid}', I allotted man}' months for 
the term of Cousin Humphrey's 
mourning over the blighted hopes of 
his life, fearing that, as he said, he 
would never be the same man again. 
Mr. Grainger was moody, and inclined 
to an excess in solitary cigars, the next 
day and the day after; but on the 
fourth morning I heard him as usual 
early under my window, whistling his 
dogs about him, and summoning me 
imperiousl}' to our customary stroll 
through the dew\y fields. In a week he 
could laugh as heartily as ever; and 
before a fortnight had passed he was 
able to speak of Miss Yardley with 
Grandisonian magnanimity and cour- 
tesy, only smiling at Miss Grainger's 
very severe strictures, when along the 
chain of our numerous relatives ran 

the electric communication that 
Lavinia was going to marry a clergy- 
man in Cheltenham. 

For the first three or four months of 
my sojourn at Sherwood, the subject 
of my thoughts and conversation had 
been the letter that Mr. Grainger had 
Avritten to my brother, and the reply I 
anticipated receiving from him. But 
as the many silent months passed by 
which could bring no message from my 
distant home, it seemed as if the limit- 
less sea had flowed over Australia, so 
forgetful was I grown of its associa- 
tions, so careless of hearing again of 
my brother's home. It was almost like 
the shock of an unexpected event 
when, at the end of August, a colonial 
letter arrived addressed to my cousin; 
and I could hardly conceal or control 
my agitation as I leaned over the back 
of his chair to read it with him. It 
was a very brief and laconic note, 
written by one of mj brother's clerks: 

"Sir: I am instructed by Mr. Wil- 
liam Burke to reply to yours of Dec. 
lOth ult. You will oblige him by 
embarking Mrs. Victoria Sydney 
Grainger in the next mail-steamer 
leaving England. Inclosed is a draft 
for the passage out, and for the inci- 
dental exiDcnses incurred by you dur- 
ing Mrs. V. S. G.'s residence under 
your roof." 

Humphrey's sun-burnt face grew 
more swarthily red as he perused this 
short epistle, and Miss Grainger 
bridled with haughty hosi^itality, 
though there was something reassuring 
in this ready remittance, which had no 
taint of felony or poverty about it. 
Little was said, but both of them 
seemed to consider my immediate 
departure inevitable; and Miss Grain- 
ger commenced energetic pre^Darations 
for it, insisting upon providing me 
with a thorough English outfit, as if 
we could not procure similar articles 
in the colony. She would not rest 
without making Humphrey go down 
to Southampton beforehand, wasting 



four of my precious days, that he 
might secure the very best and most 
comfortable cabin for me; and after 
his return she studied all the almanacs 
she could find to ascertain when the 
equinoctial gales would begin, every 
evening giving us different and more 
appalling statement respecting them. 

The equinoctial gales had sent no 
pioneer breeze before them on the third 
Sunday in September. It was a warm, 
soft, brilliant day, with the scented 
fragrance of early autumn i:)ervading 
the serene atmosphere; a very quiet, 
peaceful day, with neither business 
sounds nor the boisterous merriment of 
village children at play; only the 
chiming of the church-bells, which 
rang like a knell to me. I was very 
miserable, hearing amid the stillness 
the monotonous splash of waves, as 
they had followed me during that 
long separating voj^age of my widow- 
hood; a wilderness of desolate waves, 
which I was again to cross. In the 
evening I strolled out with Cousin 
Humphre}^, to wander, without aim or 
purpose, through the fields, as our cus- 
tom had been all the summer through, 
talking together in a subdued tone, 
partly of reverence for the day, and 
partly of quiet enjoj^ment. But today 
I could not talk; and Humphrey, 
sitting on the stile which divided two 
of his cornfields, lit his cigar, and 
smoked in placid silence, while I 
placed myself on the cross-bar at his 
feet. These golden shocks of corn, 
standing erect with plumed heads, I 
had watched growing from the first 
tender blade; and they were ripe and 
ready for gathering in now — memo- 
rials of all the pleasant rambles across 
these furrows since early spring. I 
remembered Humphrey pointing out 
to me the first swallow that ventured 
to try his dusky wings; and here was 
a whirling, careening crowd of them, 
shrieking with delight as they darted 
in and out among the upright sheaves, 
Australia was so far away ! This fond. 

long, lingering twilight, full of vague 
suggestions and emotions, dearer to me 
than the broad common light and 
darkness of my native land; the wild 
melodj' of song ringing from tree to 
tree, which stirred my heart uneasily 
though rai)turously ; those deep, m3'stic 
shadows of the broad-leaved trees — I 
felt that it would break my heart to 
hear and see all this no more. Yet we 
sat so still in the fading light of the 
western sky behind us, that an indo- 
lent grasshopper at my feet crawled 
lazily through the bending spears of 
grass, not caring to leap out of our 
motionless shadows; and a linnet in a 
poplar-tree near us sang deliriously, in 
an ecstacy of song, as it faced the 
crimson sunset. I watched and lis- 
tened, thinking listlessly of the barren 
and silent waters I had to voyage 
over, until both grasshopper and linnet 
disappeared; and, as if I Avere already 
come to the moment of my departure, 
I wrung my hands with a gesture of 
despair, and turned away my face 
from Humphrey's scrutiny. 

"What ails my little woman now?" 
he asked, in the lowered, modulated 
tone he reserved for me, and only used 
to me upon rare occasions. "What 
does all this trouble mean at this par- 
ticular moment?" 

"Oh, nothing!" I sobbed; "only fool- 
ishness. I feel so tossed about from 
country to country; and I want to be 
at rest somewhere. It is so peaceful 
here ! I don't want to leave these 
singing-birds, and this long, pleasant 
dusk. I like England best now. I 
found it out this morning in church 
when we read, 'forget also thine own 
people, and thy father's house.' I've 
done it. Cousin Humphrey; and oh, 
I am so afraid of that long voyage 
alone !" 

"Is there nothing else you do not 
want to leave?" asked the same low, 
tender voice. 

"Oh, I don't want to leave you!" I 
said recklessly; "at least not just yet. 



I should like to stay till you were set- 
tled at Russett Farm, so that I might 
know the rooms you were living in 
when I am away in the colon5^ I could 
be of some use to you now, Cousin 
Humphrey; I could help you now that 
you are going to be a poor man." 

'"Tory, if you are to stay any longer 
with me, it can only be as my wife." 

I did not move or speak, but sat like 
a statue, looking straight forward at 
the sheaves of corn. There was a 
breathless pause, for the birds had 
finished singing, and the swallows, fled 
to distant fields, were only just visible 
against the evening sky. The only 
sound was the tiny rustling of the pop- 
lar leaves overhead, clapping continu- 
ously together with a small, cheery 
murmur of applause. 

"Stand up, Tory, and look at me," 
said Humphrey. 

I obeyed him. His face was anxious 
and overcast, and his eyes met mine 
with a keen and penetrating gaze. I 
stretched out my hand to him, and he 
grasped it in both of his. 

"Don't let me be a selfish scoundrel, 
Tory," he said, in a tone of remon- 
strance; "don't let me take advantage 
of your impulsive nature. God knows, 
till Lavinia jilted me, I never thought 
of this; never felt what a void there 
would be in my life when my little 
Australian was gone back to her 
colonj". But I found it out when I dis- 
covered that I was not unhappy at 
Lavinia's desertion. It is this simple, 
wild, untaught, unfettered little Lin- 
net, that was nestling down in my 
heart, and making the music of home 
for me. I shall miss you every hour 
of the da}'; every time I cross my 
fields; every moment I spend alone in 
my library." 

"I will not go," I murmured. 

"My darling, you have made one 
mistake in your generous, impetuous 
youth. Remember, I am an old man 
compared to you; impoverished now; 
rejected, too. by the woman betrothed 

to me for years. Tory, be careful how 
you answer me." 

"I don't like young men," I 
answered; and Mr. Grainger laughed 
at my earnestness, a laugh full of tri- 
umph and satisfaction; "and I hate 
being grand and formal and rich ; and, 
oh, I shall enjoy Lavinia's knowing 
that she has not broken your heart. I 
shall make such a good farmer's wife; 
and you will love me all my life long." 

The twilight, lingering as it was, 
had quite died away before we moved; 
and then, as we walked home through 
the dark, Humphrey's arm carefully 
round me lest I should stumble, I 
began to tremble for the effect our 
communication would have upon Miss 
Grainger. In the hall I paused, and 
looking timidly up to him, I asked, in 
a whisper: "How ever are we to tell 

"Let us do it at once," he said 

She was studying the equinoctial 
gales when we entered the drawing- 
room; and Humphrey, leading me to 
her with something of the grave 
deference of his old manner to 
Lavinia, informed her that I had done 
him the honor to accept him as a 
suitor. She did not comprehend him 
at first; but when the truth dawned 
upon her, she saw in it only a triumph 
over Lavinia, and she earnestly 
entreated that we would be married 
before that treacherous creature. The 
next day she wrote to Lavinia's aunt, 
who was of some remote degree of con- 
sanguinity, and gave her a highly 
eulogistic description of Humphrey's 
bride — "a young lady quite after 
my own heart, from the colony of 
Australia, whose brothers are two of 
the leading men of Sydney; and who 
will come into possession of a very 
large property, bequeathed to her by 
her estimable father, as soon as she is 
of age. My brother Humphrey justly 
considers himself the happiest of 



We were married, and settled at 
Russet Farm before Rowland Grain- 
ger returned. Never did a fastidious, 
prejudiced gentlewoman suffer a 
greater agony of dismay than did ]Miss 
Grainger, when unexpectedly one day 
the master of Sherwood Manor pre- 
sented himself before her — a brawny, 
stalwart frame, attired in a blue 
Guernsey frock belted round the waist, 
and a bearded, weather-beaten face, 
round which the hair fell in shaggy 
locks. But Rowland proved better 
than we expected. lie subsided into a 

self-contained, rather quiet, and 
respectable country gentleman, not at 
all difficult to live with, as Eliza 
proved, for she continued to reign as 
lady-pnramount at Sherwood Manor; 
and liowland was never weary of nar- 
rating to her the most extraordinary 
stories of that long episode in his life 
which he had spent very far away 
from the safe domestic circle of anx- 
ious relatives, who would have rejoiced 
in scanning every stop of his path 
from his cradle to his grave. 


The Lamp 

Ralph M. Thomson 

Behold a lamp — a vessel wrought of clay — 
Designed hy One^ according to His plan, 

To shed a light upon the darkest way, 
And called hy Him loho made the thing — a man! 

In coursing hlood, perceive the feeding oil — 
In flaming heart, the wick for Life to hum; 

In gentle love, the shade to soften toil^ 

And in the hreathless frame, the empty urn/ 

open Letters to Cardinal Gibbons 

No. 8 

My dear Prince. 

HOW do .YOU like the way the 
national election went? 
Delighted, ain't j-on? 

If I were a sport, I'd be willing to 
bet a pair of mules and a yoke of 
steers that you are purring like a 
happy cat, which had just supped on 
the canary. 

Cardinal, you are an artist. You 
can make a three-card monte expert 
look silly. The way 3'ou played j^our 
game in the Presidential campaign, 
excites my admiration. Perfection of 
any kind deserve its tribute, and you 
have reduced clerical politics and 
pussy-footing to perfection. Com- 
pared to you, Merry del Val is a blun- 
dering booby, and Falconio, a non- 

It must cause you to chuckle and to 
chortle and to tickle yourself in the 
short ribs when you recall how you 
dealt the cards and played the game. 

First of all, you made a monkey out 
of Count Fosco. (That's President 
Taft, you know.) 

Count Fosco considers himself one 
of the most accomplished hypocrites 
that ever covered his A^illainy with a 
perpetual smile. 

AVell, you trimmed him^ all right. 

The Indian-Schools question was up, 
you know; and you wanted Taft to 
cancel the order of Commissioner Val- 
entine, who had ruled that the relig- 
ious millinery and regali-a of the nuns 
must not be worn while they were act- 
ing as Government teachers in the 
public schools, on the Indian reserva- 

While the question iras pending 
hefore the judge, you hribed the court. 

While President Taft had that 
vitally important question before him, 
as a judge., you touched the scales and 

made it humanly impossible for the 
President to render an impartial deci- 

How did you do this? By pussy- 
footing to a newspaper reporter, and 
giving out an interview expressing 
3'our preference for the re-nomination 
of Taft over Roosevelt. 

In other words, while your case was 
pending in court, you dangled before 
the judge the dazzling bribe of the 
Roman Catholic vote. 

The fish rose to the bait — and you 
Avon your case. 

Likewise, Taft got his reward in the 
partly bought, and partly stolen, 
renomination. AVith your assiduous 
ape renominated over Roosevelt, in the 
ONE great party, you turned your 
attention to the othei' great party. 

You pussy-footed and wire pulled, 
and got yourself — a Republican and a 
Jesuit — invited to open the Demo- 
cratic National Convention with 
prayer. That was a remarkable tri- 
umph of clerical, Jesuitical diplomacy. 

Next, you legged for the nomination 
of AVoodrow Wilson, whose Romanist 
environment makes it easy to control 
him, and whose Jesuit secretary ren- 
ders it certain that your Papa at Rome 
will have a private-wire connection 
Avith our White House. 

Therefore, after the stupidity of the 
Underwood delegations and the treach- 
ery of Bryan had made the nomina- 
tion of Champ Clark impossible, you 
were master of the situation. 

The Roman Catholic politicians wdio 
caused J^ou to be invited to open the 
Convention, Avere quite ready to listen 
to you, in the matter of the nomina- 
tion — more imrticulavly since 100 of 
the most influential Roman Catholics 
of New Jersey had com^ to Baltimore 
to work for Wilson. 



My Prince, can you tell us why 
those one hundred Roman Catholics of 
New Jersey were so ea'ger to have a 
so-called Presbyterian nominated for 
the Presidency? 

Was it because Wilson, upon being 
elected Governor, had immediately 
appointed more than forty Romanists 
to the most important offices? 

Was it because he had shown such 
alacrity in signing Bishop McFaul's 
bill for the partial abolition of civil 

Was it because he employed as his 
confidential man, Joseph Tumulty, a 
Jesuit? and made this Jesuit the Clerk 
to the Supreme Court of New Jersey? 

Was it because Wilson had publicly 
eulogized your pagan, monarchical 
church as the world's great democracy ? 

Whatever the motive, Cardinal, you 
and the one hundred volunteers from 
New Jersey worked like beavers for 
the nomination of Wilson. 

Through your fellow churchmen, 
Murphy, Taggart, O'Gorman, Sulli- 
van and Tumulty you accomplished 
5'our purpose. 

Then, my Prince, you very carefully 
prepared a political sern:ion, and you 
waited for the much worked "psycho- 
logical moment" to deliver it. 

From the pulpit, 3'ou urged your 
people to go to the polls, and vote. 

That they understood you to mean 
"Vote for Wilson"! the Maryland 
returns prove. 

My Prince, you ought to have lived 
in the days of Talleyrand and Metter- 

nich. Our age docs not know how to 
appreciate such genius for intrigue as 
you possess. 

You can come as near sucking eggs, 
without a hole in the shell, as any 
American since Martin Van Buren. 

The late lamented Thomas Piatt 
was a tyro compared to yon. 

David B. Hill, of regretted memory, 
might have developed into a clever 
political strategist, had he gone to 
school to you. 

The virtuous Senator William Stone, 
of "gum-shoe" sobriquet, must feel 
abashed, every time he looks at a 
picture of yon. 

The deplorably deceased Arthur Pue 
Gorman — sometime Senator from your 
State — voted a fortune into his own 
pocket, was solid with the Democrats, 
solid with the Republicans, solid with 
the Tariff reformers, solid with the 
stand-patters, solid with Cleveland, 
solid with Bryan, solid with the Pro- 
testants, solid with the Romanists, 
solid with the whites, solid with the 
niggers, solid with the Free Silverites. 
and solid with the Gold-bugs — used to 
arouse my curiosit3^ 

I mildly wondered Avhere ho learned 
to do it. 

The mystery is at last solved: 

He learned it from you. 

P. S. — By the bye Cardinal, in my 
next open letter to you, I will begin to 
disembowel that infernal book of yours 
— a book that contains more lies than 
any other book ever printed in 

Col. S. F. Norton : A Voice From the Grave 

As the greater number of our read- 
ers know, Col. Norton was one 
of the pioneer Progressives. 

In those days — 30 years ago — they 
were called various pleasant names, 
such as "cranks," "incendiaries," 
"fanatics," &c. &c. 

Col. Norton stood the storm, as 
many of us did, and never flinched. 

As he looked out upon the evening 
sun. he found himself a poor man, as 
thousands of other pioneer reformers 
have done. 

It would seem that he married late, 
for the daughter who survi^'^s him 
was born in 1897. 

To her — when she was too young to 
comprehend it — he addressed the letter 
which follows: 

My Darling Frances Alice Norton. 

!My own sweet little baby. For some 
time I have contemplated Avriting you 
a series of letters — maybe daily, maybe 
weekh^; occasionally, anyway. Not 
for you to read now, but sometime in 
the future, when the hand that holds 
this pen shall be folded across my 
breast in an eternal sleep. No one can 
foretell when that time will come; but 
come it must — sometime. 

I think I will make a package of 
them, and request that they be pre- 
served for 3'ou, unopened, till you are 
old enough to read and understand 

You were five years old Nov. 6 — a 
feAv months ago. Your birthday anni- 
versar}' was quite an event in the little 
home, out at No. 544 Ogden avenue. It 
was because you were "five years old !" 
"We were all interested in the subject; 
and it was a matter of daily comment 
for weeks. One day you informed me 
very consequentially, as if it were a 
singular coincidence, that you were 
"born on your birf-day!" 

Yes, you were born on your "birf- 

day,"' Nov. G, 1897. And your "Dada" 
has loved you ever since, and more and 
more every day. "Dada" was the first 
word that you ever learned to say. So 
your "Dada" has been your "Dada" — 
and will never consent to be called by 
any other name as long as he lives. 

Your "Dada" cannot find words 
expressive enough to tell you how 
much he really loves you. You are his 
sweet little Frances Alice Norton; his 
precious darling; his sweetheart dar- 
ling. He loves you better than any 
other person that ever lived — and, if 
you can know how much I loved 
others, you will better realize how 
much I love you. 

In a book I call "Still the World 
Goes On," you may read how well I 
loved my mother — for whom your 
dear mamma named you Frances; also 
how well I loved Alice, for your 
mamma gave 3'ou the name of Alice; 
and how well I loved my father, my 
brother — and a little baby, Guy Fran- 
cis Norton (who died many years ago), 
and a sweetheart who fias been sleep- 
ing in Graceland for a quarter of a 
century, and still others who were once 
dear to him. So that when I tell j^ou 
that I love you best of all, you may 
know hoAv much. I think of you every 
hour that I am awake. Every effort 
that I am making in life is inspired 
mostly by my affection for my little 
Frances Alice. 

If I strive for wealth it is chiefly 
that you maj' have a competence when 
you gi-ow up. For I cannot endure the 
thought that you may have to battle 
Avith the world for a living. If I 
could only be assured that you would 
never want for the comforts of life, 
that you may never have to struggle 
for an existence, as I see thousands of 
3'oung girls and women struggling all 
around me in this big, heartless city, 
why, I should be so happy and so con- 



tented ! But I am working hard to 
save up enough to provide for you all 
your life. I am not hoping that you 
may life a life of extravagant luxury; 
that is not a blessing to anvone. I do 

though she very rarely leaves us for 
any such purpose. We had a most 
delightful time. You Avere a perfect 
little lady every minute. We did some 
painting; nothing artistic, but just 

Col. S. F. Norton and Little Daughter 

not hope to see you a "society 
woman" — as fashionable women of 
wealth are now called. 

Last night you and I were at home 
alone. Your good mamma was out 
attending an association meeting, 

painting an ordinary bunch. And 
you helped. You were so j^leased and 
delighted that I let you take the brush 
and really do some of the work '"all by 
yourself." We talked and chattered 
constantly; though my recollection is 



that you did most of the talking ! It 
was a most delightful evening. You 
kept awake till about 10 o'clock, and 
then I undressed you, took you in my 
arms and rocked and sang you to 
sleep. I called it "singing." and you 
thought it was "singing," but I must 
confess to you confidentially that I 
can't sing, "even a little bit." I think 
I have a musical voice, but I can't 
sing. It would make your mamma 
laugh, if you should say that "Dada 
sang to you." But j'ou and I called it 
singing. I "sang" from Ingelow's 
"Songs of Seven," and you were asleep 
btfore it was reall}'- through. Then I 
put you in your sweet little bed, and 
you knew nothing about it. Your 

mamma came soon after. In the night 
you woke up for a moment, and you 
asked me, "Dada, has mamma come 
(tum) home yet?" It was very, very 
sweet. You love your "Dada" and 
your mamma both; you love them so 
well that it is hard to tell which you 
love most. And they both love you, as 
much as any little girl was ever loved 
in all the world. 

This is a long letter, for the first 
one. It is especially long, considering 
the fact that I have much work on my 
desk to dispose of. 

"With more love than I can tell j^ou, 
I am. Your own 


Dec. 3, 1902. 

Shall the People or Shall Rome Rule? 

Chattin Bradway 

AX extraordinary bit of news 
appeared in the Bulletin 
(Washington, D. C.), August 
13th, as follows: 

"A delegation of Roman Catholic 
priests visited Governor Wilson yester- 
day at Sea Girt. As Father O'Reilly 
was leaving the little White House, he 
said, 'The Roman Catholic Church is 
not in politics and the Roman Catho- 
lics "will not permit the church to 
figure in this campaign. The church 
has its duty and religion and politics 
do not mix, any more than vinegar 
and oil.' " 

To one avIio has been following the 
trend of recent events and who is 
acquainted with the political history of 
this and European nations, the above 
remark of Father O'Reilly, especially 
addressed to a man of such wide learn- 
ing and experience as Governor Wil- 
son, is the extreme of puerility and 

Are the millions of aroused readers 

of and earnest workers for such publi- 
cations as The Menace, Watson's Maga- 
zine, The Jeft'ersonian, The American 
Citizen, The Liberator, Liberty Maga- 
zine, The Converted Catholic, and the 
members of the Guardians of Liberty, 
patriotic secret societies and other lib- 
erty-loving organizations, all follow- 
ing an ir/nis fatinis in believing that 
the Roman Catholic Church is the 
deadliest enemy to American institu- 
tions, and that it is not only active, 
but perniciously active, in politics, 
National, State and Municipal? Can 
this mighty intensely alive and rapidly 
groAving army of citizens be all wrong 
and Father O'Reilly right ? Decidedly 
no. For we all know, and Mr. Wilson 
knows, that the Roman Catholic 
Church is so deeply rooted in our 
political affairs that it is almost a bal- 
ance of power as between the great 
parties, and stands ready to cast its 
influence in favor of those who are 
willing to serve, not the best interests 



of their country, but of the Roman 
Catholic Church. 

Should ISIr. Wilson lack knowledire 
as to the extent of the Roman Catholic 
Church as a political machine in our 
nation, he has only to ask his fellow 
sponsor and booster, Mr. Bryan, who 
was Rome-defeated several times, and 
who is now and always has been Rome- 
silenced. If Mr. Wilson wants to know 
further about the Roman Catholic 
Church's activities in politics, he 
should consult the man who is going 
down in history as the most servilely 
Rome-favoring President the country 
has ever had — Mr. Taft. He might 
seek more light on the subject from 
Ex-President Roosevelt, who time and 
again found it necessary to favor the 
Roman Hierarchy and thereby paved 
the way for the easy placing of his 
successor under the thumb of the Pope. 

To know that the Roman Catholic 
Church is in politics, Wilson has only 
to recall to mind his experiences with 
the Hierarchy in New Jersey since he 
became Governor; he has only to call 
to mind the large number of priests in 
attendance at the national party con- 
ventions, and to call to mind the 
Roman Catholics Avho are gathered 
around him now as his would-be 
counsellors. He has only to ask 
himself why had a delegation of 
priests called on him at Sea Girt, 
and why one of these delegates. Father 
O'Reilly, had seen fit to make the 
foolish and extraordinary remark that 
the "Roman Catholic Church is not in 
politics." Indeed, Wilson is well aware 
of the position of the Roman Church 
and he appears to be studiously 
endeavoring to avoid antagonizing 
the church vote. Did he not estab- 
lish a bureau in the city of New 
York having for its purpose the 
explaining of the views contained in 
his writings which are not favorable 
to certain classes that embrace the 
Roman Catholic faith? This bureau 
was sending out lists showing the Gov- 

ernor's Roman Catholic appointees as 
evidence that he is not discriminating 
against Roman Catholics. In the 
Washington Herald of August 13th, 
an account of the establishment of 
this bureau as a defensive part of 
the Democratic campaign is given, 
together with its purpose. Is this not 
an attractive bait for the Roman Cath- 
olic vote? 

There is a deep-rooted conviction 
that Taft is body and soul under obli- 
gation to and apparently in sympathy 
with the aims and ambitions of the 
Church, his record of favoring Rome 
being basis for this conviction. 

Father O'Reilly also told Wilson 
"the Roman Catholics would not per- 
mit the Church to figure in this cam- 

Was this an off year for the Church? 
Why this campaign particularly? Was 
this intended to mean that either Wil- 
son or Taft was acceptable to the 
Roman Hierarchy, and hence the 
Church will not take active part in 
politics this year? At the last Presi- 
dential election, Taft was their sole 
choice and he got practically a solid 
Church vote, so Mr. Bryan, the 
defeated candidate said, and so Roman 
Catholic publications admit. 

Before the Democratic Convention, 
before the uncertainty as to who would 
be the Democratic standard bearer, the 
Roman Catholic Church declared for 
Taft's re-election. From the Pope 
down to the meanest vote-seller in the 
Church, with the exception of a few 
Roman Catholics who are more patri- 
otic than loyal to the Pope in political 
affairs, the declared choice was Taft. 

Lo and behold, Wilson is nominated 
by the Democratic Convention. The 
Church changes its unanimous choice 
for Taft and Wilson had appar- 
ently an equal chance with him for the 
Roman Catholic vote. It is said that 
politics make strange bed-fellows. 
How true it is. 

It may be objected that Wilson's 



writings have killed him with respect 
to the Roman Catholic vote, but Mr. 
Objector, it is easy to explain his writ- 
ings to the satisfaction of the Hier- 
archy. This is a small matter, for has 
he not offset it by the generous treat- 
ment Roman Catholics have received 
in New Jersey, since Wilson became 
Governor? Indeed, had he not a 
bureau in his campaign organization 
whose function was to show to Roman 
Catholics that he is all right to them? 
Just see the number of Roman Cath- 
olic appointments he made ! Hence, 
should he not have the Roman Cath- 
olic vote as well as Taft? 

Is it not strange how double-faced 
our Romanists are? Here Father 
O'Reilly, in one breath says the 
Church is not in politics, and in 
another breath he says "it is not in 
politics in this campaign," and in a 
third breath he says "the Church has 
its duty, and religion and politics do 
not mix any more than vinegar and 
oil." This surely is a conglomeration 
of contradictions and in reality three 
absolute lies. The Church is in poli- 
tics; it was in politics in this cam- 
paign; and religion and politics do 
surely mix to an appalling extent at 
the present time in this country. 
Father O'Reilly evidently was talking 
through his hat; that is to say, he was 
talking to deceive. He, like the rest of 
them, observant of the storm of protest 
and opposition the Church has awak- 
ened, wanted to calm the troubled 
waters; hence, deception and mis-state- 
ment were resorted to. A conspicuous 
example is the sermon preached at the 
military mass held recently in Wash- 
ington, D. C. — a sermon pregnant with 
deception and preached in the pres- 
ence of Cardinal Gibbons, the Pope's 
leading representative in America. 

Despite the assertions of Father 
O'Reilly and the rest of the Hierarchy, 
the Roman Catholic Church is the one 
most menacingly at work at the pres- 
ent time. The Mormon Church might 

at some time become a powerful men- 
ace, or some other religious organiza- 
tion. Our aim in the present crisis is 
to give a death blow to the Roman 
Catholic Church as a political machine, 
and to let it serve as an object lesson 
to the Mormon or any other church 
cherishing hopes of temporal power. 
In insisting upon the adoption of the 
first amendment to the Constitution, it 
was the intention of our forefathers to 
prevent the development of a religious 
organization as a political force that 
might imperil human liberty, and as 
w^e have now such an imperiling 
organization in our midst, it is neces- 
sary to shear it of its political power. 
Therefore, the separation of Church 
and State, even though it is now pub- 
licly professed to be a fact (read the 
recent military mass sermon at Wash- 
ington, D. C), must now be made an 

That freedom of speech is endan- 
gered, one need but recall General 
Miles' experience recently at St. Louis, 
where he attempted to lecture on a 
patriotic theme, but was prevented by 
Roman Catholic intervention, and also 
to recall the recent attempt to punish 
the Postmaster of Louisville, Ken- 
tucky, for attending a patriotic meet- 
ing that was distasteful to the Roman 
Catholic Hierarchy, and so on other 
instances may be cited. 

A most conspicuous illustration of 
the danger to freedom of press is the 
recent arrest of Hon. Thos. E. Watson 
on the framed-up charge of sending 
through the mail matter which, it now 
turns out, w^as copyrighted and which 
has been transmitted through the 
mails, by Roman Catholics, mind you, 
for years without interference. 
Remember the attempt of the Knights 
of Columbus and other societies, and 
of various priests to have "The Men- 
ace" and other publications giving 
publicity to the pernicious political 
activities of the Roman Catholic 
Church, excluded from the mails. 



Indeed they are now laboring to have 
a national law passed with this end in 

The public school system has 
always been attacked most viciously by 
the Pope and every prelate and priest 
in this country. Here are a few of 
their sentiments: 

''Education outside of the Roman 
Catholic Church is damnable heresy." 
— Pope Pius IX. 

"Education must be controlled by 
Roman Catholic authorities, even to 
Avar and bloodshed." — Catholic World, 

"I frankly confess that the Roman 
Catholics stand before the country as 
the enemies of the public schools." — 
Father Phelan. 

''The public schools have produced 
nothing but a godless generation of 
thieves and blackguards." — Father 

"It will be a glorious day in this 
country Avhen, under the laws, the 
school system shall be shivered to 
pieces." — Catholic Telegraph. 

"We must take part in the elections, 
move in a solid mass in every State 
against the party pledged to sustain 
integrity of the public schools." — Car- 
dinal McClosky. 

^lould not some candidates defy 
Rome in this matter? 

With reference to the taxation of 
Church property. President Grant, 
years ago realized the menace that 
Avould inevitably result from A^ast 
aggregations of untaxed property, 
such as the Roman Catholic Church 
now possesses. In one of his messages 
he called attention to the matter and 
urged taxation of such property, j'^et 
all these years have elapsed and noth- 
ing has been done. It is, therefore, 
high time for us to tax the Hierarchy 
for the benefits its property is receiv- 
ing. In some European countries, their 
property has been confiscated, and we 
can point to this to show Avhat w^ill 
happen to their property here if they 
do not cease the arousing of the peo- 

l)le by pernicious political activity. 
Which will the Hierarchy prefer, con- 
fiscation or equital)le taxation? 

The use of public money for sec- 
tarian purposes is strongly advocated 
by the Roman Catholic Church, espec- 
ially for the support of their parochial 
schools, for the support of hospitals 
and other institutions, and for build- 
ing of monuments of prominent Cath- 
olics, etc. 

Coming now to a law making it a 
penal oft'enso for priests or ministers 
to use their ofl'icial position for influ- 
encing voters, it is to be observed that 
the importance of curtailing the power 
of the priests in this regard has 
received consideration, showing that it 
is ill the public mind. In the People's 
Rule State of Oregon, the people 
enacted a laAV forbidding ministers 
from advocating a political matter 
unless they do it in a public manner so 
as to be open to criticism and reply. 
In Oregon, Avhere the people have 
never felt the evil effects of a ruling 
Hierarchy like the Roman Catholic 
Church, the law is not as drastic as it 
might otherwise be, nor is it as far- 
reaching as the present laAv in Portu- 
gal, where the Roman Catholic Church 
has ruled Avith a rod of iron for cen- 
turies. When Portugal became a 
Republic, it immediately proceeded to 
make a laAV that no minister shall 
preach on political matters or advo- 
cate Avith his church members any 
political issue. It would seem fitting 
and proper that National and State 
laws similar to that in force in Portu- 
gal should be enacted, for in this 
country the Roman Catholic Church 
maintains its baneful and menacing 
])0Aver through the control it has OA'er 
the A'ote of a large number of its peo- 
ple. This poAA'er must be broken and 
the Catholic people allowed absolute 
freedom of choice in political matters 
and as to candidates. There are many 
Roman Catholics imbued with the 
American spirit who refuse to follow 


the dictates of the priests, yet there 
ai-e a large number who have not that 
spirit of freedom and still follow the 
dictates of their spiritual advisers, but 
nevertheless they would gladly favor 
the enactment of a law which would 
allow them absolute freedom in their 
political affairs by destroying the 
power the priest and church now 
have over them. It therefore rests 
with those who are fighting Rome to 
thus give political liberty to this 
priest-controlled portion of the Roman 
Catholic vote. 

The restriction of immigration 
would hamper the aim of the Roman 
Hierarchy "to make America Cath- 
olic." At the present time an immi- 
gration bill is pigeon-holed in the 
House , of Representatives after hav- 
ing successfully passed the Senate. 
This particular bill requires a certain 
educational test, yet the Roman Cath- 
olic Hierarchy has used its influence 
to block its passage, just as it has all 
other immigration bills in the past. 
Shall we not at this coming election 
elect to our National Congress men 
who believe in the necessity for and 
who will aid in the passage of an 
immigration law that will restrict the 
undesirables of other lands from com- 
ing here and menacing our Nation? 

As there are decrees now in force 
directed against Republican forms of 
government, the People's Rule, and 
otherwise opposed to our National 
principles, and as Roman Catholic 
immigrants must, as loyal followers of 
the Pope, respect and uphold these 
decrees, it is advisable and necessary 
to amend the immigration laws in 
such wise that no immigrant can be 
naturalized until he takes an oath 
foreswearing all allegiance to the 
power declaring such decrees, except- 
ing allegiance in regard to spiritual 

THe Knights of (Slumbus Endeavoring 
to Destroy Thos. E. Watson 

[]ORE than a year ago a friend who is personally un- 
known to me, and w^ho is presumably a Roman 
Catholic, by faith, sent me a copy of the " Bulletin," 
which is published by Anthony Matre, of St. Louis, 
and which is supposed to be read by none but 
Roman Catholics. 

In this privately circulated paper it was stated that the 
Knights of Columbus had determined to put me out of business. 

It was stated that the Knights would prosecute me in the 
Federal courts. 

A few weeks after this threat was made, the newspapers 
generally began to report that the P. O. authorities in Wash- 
ington City would institute criminal proceedings. 

I immediately telegraphed to those officials, and they 
assured me that they knew nothing about it, and had no con- 
nection with it. 

One of the Congressmen to w^hom I telegraphed, w^ired me 
that if I would make some concessions, the prosecution would 
not be instituted. 

Having done nothing more than exercise my right as a free 
American citizen, I had no concessions to make. 

Then came the w^arrant and the commitment. 

The obscene matter which I am charged w^ith having sent 
through the mails, consisted of a Latin quotation taken from 
one of the text-books used in the theological seminaries of the 
Roman Catholic church. 

The original book containing those Latin passages has been 
going through the mails for a hundred years. 

Another book, containing translations of those Latin 
phrases into English, has been going through our mails, unmo- 
lested, for more than a generation. 

Father Chiniquy quoted these passages in his book, and his 
book has been going through the mails for thirty years, and is 
now being sold and mailed out by numerous publishing houses. 

But Avhen I quoted these same passages, the Federal govern, 
ment, instigated by the Knights of Columbus, attacks me with 
the heavy machinery of its judicial department. 

You can draw your own inference. 


The grand jury, on November twentieth, returned an 
indictment against me, and the case will be tried in March, 1913. 

I was ready for a trial at this term ; for some reason, the 
Federal government and the Knights of Columbus were not. 

Now^ listen : the chapters for which I am being prosecuted 
are contained in my book, "The Roman Catholic Hierarchy," 
and we are sending it through the mails every day. 

Not the slightest effort has been made to prevent us from 
sending this book through the mails. 

The post office authorities have not even requested us not 
to do it. 

What then, is the inevitable conclusion } 

It is that the purpose is to crush me personally, and to put 
an end to the fight which I have been waging for more than 
twenty years against the Roman Catholic hierarchy. 

I am singled out for persecution, calumniation and ruin, 
not because I have published what was false, but because I have, 
published what is true, but w^hich irreparably damages this 
most diabolical pagan hierarchy. 

The Federal government does not molest the publishers 
and book-dealers who are constantly mailing such immoral and 
obscene works as The Decameron, The Heptameron, The Tales 
of Massuccio, Burton's Arabian Knights, Flaubert's Madame 
Bo vary, Lola's Nana, Prevost's Manon, Zola's Kruetzer Sonata, 
Daudet's Sappho, Byron's Don Juan, Fielding's Tom Jones, 
and scores of other erotic books. 

The Federal government does not molest the Hearst Sun- 
day papers. 

Therefore, it would seem that the Federal government is 
being used by personal enemies of mine, for the purpose, not 
of rebuking immorality, but for the purpose of wreaking 
private vengeance on a private citizen. 

The Roman Catholics Have Another 
Reformer Killed 

THE niurdor of Professor Ferrer, a 
few years ago, shocked the 

Premier Maura was accused, to his 
face, in the Spanish parliament, of 
having sacrificed the school-teacher to 
the Clericals. In other words, Maura 
was accused of judicially murdering 
Ferrer lx»cause the Roman Catholics 
Avanted him murdered. 

Why did the wolves want to devour 
this quiet, non-combatant teacher? 

Because he was introducing into 
priest-ridden Spain a genuine system 
of modern education. 

The priests knew that modern edu- 
cation meant death to their sway, and 
a loss of about $8,000,000 a 3^ear. 

So they trumped up false charges 
against Ferrer, had him secretly tried 
by a Eomanist court-martial, and then 
had him privately shot. 

jNfaura was dismayed by the storm 
he had raised, and he resigned. 

INIoret was appointed to succeed 
him; and after three months of it, 
Moret quit. 

Then Canalejas was appointed 

In a short time, he brought into the 
Spanish parliament (Cortes) a bill for 
the separation of Church and State, 
taxation of church property, and 
religious liberty. 

Then Rome howled. All the black 
wolves yapped. 

From the Vatican, from the Vice- 
gerent of The Prince of Peace, went 
forth commands which kindled in 
Spain the fires of civil war. 

Blood flowed like water. 

Rome was happj''. Rome is never so 
happy as when drinking blood. 

Finally, the King, listening to his 
Jesuit confessor, withdrew from his 
Premier the support necessary to suc- 
cess. The reforms slept. 

But, a few' w'eeks ago, it was 
announced that Canalejas would again 
press his bill; and that, this time, he 
would have the backing of the King. 

Immediately, Rome began to howl. 

Immediately, the black wolves began 
to yap. 

TJie life of Canalejas icas threat- 

And now they have taken it. 

They found their one fanatic, as 
they alwaj's do, and the one man did 
the bloody work. 

In the case of Henry II., it was one 

In the case of Henry IV., it was one 

In the case of William the Silent, it 
w^as one man. 

In the case of Abraham Lincoln, it 
was one man. 

In the cases of Garfield, McKinley, 
Gaj'nor, and Roosevelt, it w^as one 

The case of Canalejas conforms to 
the historic Romanist way. 

It conforms to Romanist teaching. 

It conforms to Jesuit record, to the 
Jesuit oath, and to the oath of 
that traitor band. The Knights of 

Yet, it is awfully hard to convince 
the average American — especially the 
average Protestant preacher — that 
Jesuits take an oath to do wdiat they 
have been doing, ever since the 
Reformation began to undermine the 
monstrous system of the Popes. 


TTie Last Marchbanks 

Viola Roseboro' 

IF you will just sto}) over there to 
Miss Addington's desk she -svill 
talk with you, madam," I heard 
the nianagino: editor say in tones a lit- 
tle more <rentle than Avere usual to him. 

I looked up from my half-finished 
sentence and saw coming towards- me, 
as if ])ropelled by the wave of the edi- 
torial hand, a little, shabby, dainty, 
delicate old lady. She was dressed in 
black, and her white withered face 
was charmingly pretty in those funda- 
mental lines upon which time has least 

Resentment swelled within me. The 
nianao:ing editor always put it off on 
me to deal with the piteous feminine 
non-competents continually trickling 
in and out of the office. 

"I'm afraid I'm taking- up your 
time, Avhen you are very busy," said 
the lady, with a gracious little 
'•society" manner, in which, neverthe- 
less, a tremor of timidity and anxiety 
Avas all to evident. 

Lo, she was a Southerner; there was 
no mistaking that gentle drawl on the 
vowels and suppression of the conso- 
nants. I shall not try to reproduce 
the peculiarity of her siDcech; the 
written letters cannot convey what it 
was, except as j^ou know it already, 
and they seem to coarsen it. 

She had a manuscript with her that 
she hoped might be adapted to the 
columns of the "Evening Appeal."; she 
alwaj's enjoj-ed the "Appeal" so very 

Her manuscrii^t Avas devoted to pic- 
turing details of life on si Southern 
plantation in the autumn. She had 
tried to make it timely; she had heard 
that that Avas desirable for daily 
papers. It Avas not about the far 
South, but told of things as they 

might be in Teunessee, or Kentucky, 
the sorghum pressing, and sweet- 
potato digging, and hog-killing — 

"Oh, I knoAv it all so Avell," I broke 

"You, do you ? Why, my dear child, 
are you from the South?" 

How can I tell you all she put into 
those Avords? — the glad recognition of 
a matter-of-course friend and ally; the 
faint, half-tender reproach that I was 
so demoralized that she did not know 
me at once for a compatriot; and the 
surprise at finding a Southern girl 
there in that oft'ice, surrounded by 
men, and Avorking away as one of 

She Avho had shoAvn no conscious- 
ness of anything anomalous in my 
position before noAV glanced about the 
ugly place, even at the upturned desk 
draAver I was using for a footstool, 
and put out a little, crooked old hand 
to pat me pityingly and reassur- 

AVlien she found I AA'as from Ten- 
nessee, and that my name was Adding- 
ton, Ave were straightAvay launched on 
a tide of interchange and reminis- 

I Avas not surprised to find we kneAV 
all about each other's families: I had 
dimly supposed we did when I heard 
her speak. All Southerners do know, 
or knoAv of, all the rest, and I had been 
giA'en of late years rather to escaping 
than seeking those kindly intimacies 
they establish as a matter of course 
Avhen they meet aAvay from home. The 
exigencies of life had forced me to 
appreciate them more in the abstract 
than the concrete. 

But only a brute could haA^e Avith- 
held a cordial response from this little 
gentlewoman, and moreover her name 



stood for a good deal to my imagina- 
tion. It was, she told me, Fanny 
Marchbanks Overman. 

I suppose she had been Mrs. Over- 
man nearly forty years; but, being a 
Southerner, she was still to herself and 
her friends Fanny Marchbanks as 

The Marchbanks part was what 
interested me. My grandfather's most 
intimate friend, and his partner for 
many j^ears, had been Judge March- 
banks; and even in my half-foreign 
bringing up I had learned the tradi- 
tions of that stout old "Whig's loyalty 
and shrewdness and eccentricit3^ I 
had heard too of his daughter; had 
heard of her as the brilliant young 
belle wdio had been my mother's child- 
ish ideal of beauty; and now, after all 
these years and generations and 
upheavals, here were Fanny March- 
banks and I meeting in the office of 
the New York "Evening Appeal," and 
she was a poor old woman wanting to 
sell an unmarketable manuscript. 

That manuscript — the thought of it 
fell upon me like a pall. The worst 
was her confidence in me; in my 
acceptance of it; I had been stealing 
glances at it while she told me what a 
"iDolished gentleman" my grandfather 
was, and how smooth my mother wore 
her hair when she was a little girl. 

I saw it would be as much as my 
position was worth to hand it to the 
managing editor. 

I asked her if she had been doing 
much writing in New York. 

Yes, she had been writing here for 
a year and a half. She had written 
some stories for one of the dying, old 
fashion magazines; she had had a 
Southern sketch in a good weekly; 
she had sent some letters to her church 
paper in the South; she had even had 
some negro anecdotes published in one 
of the "comic" journals! 

I could guess what that dear, sim- 
ple, girl-like old thing had gone 
through; the struggle and the poverty 

and the heart-straining anxiety it had 
cost to achieve this much. Now she 
wanted to do more: she wanted to get 
into other lines of writing, and she 
thought there must be a great field in 
the daily papers; and she looked up at 
me with the light of hope and the 
waver of fear in her faded, pretty old 

A bright thought came to save me 
from despair — if only she could be 
made to share it. A Tennessee Sena- 
tor had just made some kind of sensa- 
tion in Congress. I said : "You know 
Senator Lawton, don't you? Then 
why can't you take this paper and fix 
it all up as happening on Senator 
Lawton's place— you've been there? 
You can easily make it accurate then. 
You see that if you can make it fit in 
with something that is going on, that 
the papers are full of just now, it will 
go; it is hardly enough to make it 
simply about the present season, 
though that is well; but if you show 
what the Lawtons' home is like, I am 
sure you can sell it to 'The Earth,' and 
they will pay you better than this 
paper will." 

She looked pitifully dubious. "You 
don't think it would be infringing on j 
the laws of hospitality?" she said. 

"You don't need to be personal and 
Jenkinsy," I hastened to assure her; ■ 
"and you might write to Colonel Law- 
ton for permission to tell about his 
sorghum presses." 

She smiled in a relieved, reassured 
way. She listened with deep attention | 
to all I had to say. She had a won- ! 
derful adaptability; she caught a new | 
idea as to what was wanted in a way , 
that was highly encouraging. ^ | 

"I know what you mean," she said, I 
"about the new, curt, quick way of 
writing. I have noticed it in the j 
papers, only I thought perhaps it was | 
because they couldn't write any other 
way. But I can try to do it too, if , 
that is what they like up here in the 
North. And I'll tell anything about 



the Lawton place that seems unobjec- 
tionable. I'm glad you think he won't 
dislike it. And now, my dear, I'll take 
myself away. I'm sure you are giving 
me far too much time; but you can 
just tell them, my child, that you 
don't see anyone every day up here 
who knows all about you for three 
generations. Dear, dear, it does seem 
too bad to leave you here all by your- 
self so, and you so young, "\\niat 
would j'our grandfather th — But 
then your grandfather would be very 
proud of your talents, Adelene, and he 
was a man who knew that we have to 
adapt ourselves to circumstances; and 
I'm sure these — gentlemen all seem 
very — very inoffensive." And she 
overlooked the hard-working, scrib- 
bling crowd bent over their desks. 

Softly fluttering over me in this 
fashion to the very elevator door, she 
finally took her leave. 

I soon learned what seemed all the 
main facts of her little story; her 
great, tragic human story, filled, as 
everybody's story is, with experi- 
ences at once terrible and common- 

She had been left a widow, with two 
little children, while still a young 
woman ; the children, boys, had both 
died only a few 3'ears later, and she 
had spent most of her life as a child- 
less widow in her widowed father's 
house. She was his only child. He 
had died near the beginning of the 
war; most of their property had been 
lost. Mrs. Overman had since then 
made what shift she could; and now, 
in her old age, with a courage that had 
root in inborn gallantry of soul, and 
also in ignorance of this rough world, 
she had come to this strange land '"the 
North'' to trj' to make her living by 

How foreign and far away this part 
of our common country seemed to her 
probably only a Southerner could real- 
ize. Fundamental ideas affect many 
ramifications of feeling as well as 

thought, and the weakness of the idea 
of nationality at the South sharpens 
many a homesick pang in many a 
traveler and exile wlio would not 
understand the phrase. 

That Mrs. Overman succeeded as 
well as she did was a continual mar- 
vel to me. There was a dauntlessness 
about the frail, delicate, lady-bred old 
woman that made me proud of the 
civilization — if j'ou will permit the 
word — that had produced her. 

I sympathize with the point of view 
that finds Southern aristocratic pre- 
tensions humorous; they certainly had 
far less basis for material splendor 
than the simple-minded aristocrats 
themselves imagined : and I doubt not 
that there is and will be in the future 
something better in this world than 
any kind of aristocracy; but for the 
blessings of a commercial democracy 
we pay a good deal, and my provincial 
little old woman exemplified the high- 
hearted virtues of the old regime in 
her union of fine pride, courage, cheer- 
fulness, and gentleness as nobly as if 
her claims to blue blood were based on 
something more imposing than an 
ancestry of two or three generations of 
backwoods dignitaries; the obligations 
of an aristocracy were strong upon 

I a little dreaded visiting her in her 
boarding-house. I thought I knew 
what it would be like, and felt that it 
would be rather wretched to see her in 
the midst of its cheap frivolities and 
poor pretensions; but I found she had 
discovered for herself a place very 
different from my imagination — not 
vulgar, though offering hardships 
enough to such a one as Miss Fanny, 
as Ave must now in common friendli- 
ness begin to call her. 

"It is a woman's boarding-house, 
dear; a business woman's house," she 
explained to me as we sat side by side 
on an immense hair-cloth sofa in the 
clean, mournful, self-respecting parlor. 

"Miss Mary Barnwell told me about 



it before I came on here. You never 
saw Miss Mary, did you? Your 
mother knew her; she is a lovely 
woman; she was Timothy Barnwell's 
daughter, that endowed the college in 
Wexville, and Miss Mary teaches 
there; she comes on to New York in 
the summer sometimes, and she stops 
here. It made me feel so much more 
at home to come to a place I'd heard 
Mar}' tell about, and I think it is very 
sheltered and protected to be in 'a 
house without gentlemen — when one is 
quite alone so." 

It Avas a big, old-fashioned house, 
and the large rooms were divided up 
into small ones by wooden partitions ; 
these were long and narrow sections of 
the original apartment, and each con- 
tained two little iron bedsteads. The 
inhabitants of the business Avoman's 
boarding-house were united as room- 
mates without reference to anything 
but a rigidly inspected respectability 
all around (surely none but the most 
respectable of women ever wanted to 
live there), but each was given a bed 
to herself. 

Miss Fanny found it a little painful 
to explain these things to me, and a 
faint red spot came in each withered, 
delicate old cheek as she said: "It 
seems a little like what they call an 
institution up here, doesn't it? But it 
isn't. The landlady is a New England 
woman; her name is Martin, and you 
see she has planned to have the cheap- 
est place that — that — a nice person can 
live in; and j'^ou see it isn't so bad. for 
it is clean, and it is quite comfortable, 
I assure you; and you know jou are 
sure that your room-mate is respect- 
able, and everything is arranged for it, 
so you have a great deal more privacy 
than you would think. I must take 
you to my room," she went on. "to 
show you my father's portrait. Oh. 
yes, I always have that with me; and 
you must be able to say you know how 
Judge Marchbanks looked." 

"Of course," she said, on the stairs, 

"these Northerners are very strange. 
The lady I am with is named Miss 
Boggs. You'd think she was — well, 
rather a common sort of person, from 
very plain people, you know, on first 
meeting her; but she is very highly 
educated; she is studying medicine. 
She hasn't the polish one finds in our 
people, but I am sure she has a very 
fine character, and she is religious, and 
— and settled in her views; not in the 
least like we used to be apt to imagine 
at the South." 

She was interrupted by arriving at 
her door. Miss Boggs was not in. 
l^ooking very large, upon the walls of 
the cell-like little place, hung the por- 
trait in its dingy gilt frame, — you 
know the kind, — the clothing like 
solidified smoke, the linen as if molded 
out of vapor, and the flesh suggesting 
painted Avood; yet the creature Avho 
painted it had not succeeded in evad- 
ing his subject altogether, ample as 
Avere his incapacities, and something 
of the man, the large-minded, able, 
romantic man that I had heard of, Avas 
in it. I even thought I could see in it 
qualities I already kncAv in Miss 
Fanny, especially the receptivity, the 
oi^enness to new ideas that made her 
seem so young, and made it possible 
for her to wage such battle as she had 
entered upon. 

I could imagine, as I looked at the 
picture, that the Judge, if put down 
aliA'e in the queer room, AA'ould make 
some sort of intelligent effort to com- 
prehend the conditions around him. 

Miss Fanny flecked at the frame 
Avith her pocket-handkerchief, she car- 
ried me to one side and the other to 
see the picture, and she impressively 
told me the name of the poor soul who 
painted it. Then she sat herself down 
in front of it, and told me about the 
Polk and Clay campaign in which 
Judge Marchbanks and my grand- 
father had "stumped" the State 
together — trying politely but fruit- 
lessly to remember as many instances 



of triumph and tuliilation for my 
ancestors as for hers. That both gen- 
tlemen were on the losing side in that 
contest had never occurred to her as 
dinnning their honors. 

I always remember her as she looked 
that day, like some quaint little priest- 
ess before a shrine. She sat in a chair 
close against the wall, that in the nar- 
row room she might be able to see the 
picture opposite: her white hair was 
crimped a little and drawn softly back 
in a very good compromise between 
old styles and new, — ]Miss Fanny was 
not the person to cling to the old for 
its own sake, — and at her wrists and 
neck Avere, of all things, bits of 
''thread" lace. Her figure was girlish 
rather than otherwise, and pretty too, 
with its nice flat back; but the old 
black gown was skimpy and shabby, 
and that made me sorry, because I 
knew the little woman Avas not and 
ncA'er Avould be indifferent to her 
dress. As she talked away so proudly, 
so feelingly of "my father," I won- 
dered what place in memory had all 
the rest of her long past ; the wifehood 
and widowhood and motherhood, the 
common, blessed Avarm joys, and com- 
mon, crushing griefs that fate had 
bestowed upon her, and Avhich, good 
and ill alike, she — so little and tender 
still — had surviA-ed. All seemed to 
have sunk out of sight, to be buried, 
and only the first ties to be still actiA'e 
and operatiA'e despite time and death. 
I reflected that aftera 11 she had spent 
most of her life Avith her father, that 
it was as his daughter she had chiefly 
found her title to existence, but I did 
not knoAv at that time the thing that 
really explained her special dcA'otion 
to him — the fact that she was then 
spending herself in his service, for his 
good name. The filial tie was 
re-enforced now by one yet stronger, 
b}" perhaps the firmest of human 
bonds, that which binds the serA'er to 
the serA'ed, and at last something like 
a mother's love mingled Avith the 

daughter's loyal adoration of the long- 
dead man. 

I staid to dinner Avith her — supper 
she called it, and in fact the bald little 
meal might as Avell be termed the one 
as the other; but she Avas unapologetic- 
ally hospitable and graceful OA'er it. 

It Avas not till I came to go home 
that Miss Fanny's adaptability failed 
her. "O my child, I camiot let you go 
out into the street alone. It is bad 
enough for me; but you, I can't think 
of it at all." 

"Very Avell, then. INIiss Fanny; I'll 
ring for a messenger bo\'." 

"What for, dear?" 

"To go home with me." 

"A messenger boy?" 

"WliA', yes; that is Avhat we do when 
we are too proper to go alone." 

"Mercy on me ! My lamb, it is to 
save you from messenger boys and 
their like that I'm going with you 

"It is perfectly safe anyAvhere in 
this i^art of the town," A'olunteered 
Miss Boggs, a big-boned, dust-colored 
young woman reading a calf-bound 
A'olume at a drop-light. 

"Yes, Miss Boggs, I knoAV, I sup- 
pose it is, and I think it is lovely to 
see you Northern girls so strong- 
minded and independent. You could 
go anj'Avhere; but you see Adelene was 
not brought up to take care of herself 
as you were and I feel a sense of 
responsibility for her. I ought to be a 
fairy godmother to her. but I can at 
least take care of her Avhen she is my 
guest." And she went on getting out 
her shawl, and settling her bonnet, 
Avith the cheery decision of a dear, 
damaged old canary bird. 

Miss Boggs looked at me with curi- 
osity; she had not recognized me as 
a fragile young Southern blososm 

Let me give myself the pleasure of 
saying that I sent my protectress 
home in a cab, a form of luxury which 
in the course of our acquaintance I 



found she particularly appreciated. 
She never became accustomed to the 
city streets, she went about always in 
a flutter of fear and nervousness; yet 
she must have done a deal of "going" 
to get together her little articles and 
sell them. I saw her down town 
sometimes picking her way about 
among the rushing crowds and cars 
and trucks; going through the great 
buildings, with their incoming and 
outgoing streams of humanity eddying 
around the rows of elevator doors; 
and in the grimy newspaper offices, 
where the air was tense with silent 
activities; and as I looked at the 
quaint figure, the gentle, half-fright- 
ened, high-bred old face, I wondered 
why she was there. She must have 
lived some way since the war; why did 
she not go on now as she had before, 
and satisfy her ambitions, if she had 
them, by such lady-like efforts with 
genteel journals as she had made in 
the past, which had brought her much 
neighborhood consideration and a lit- 
tle money, and which did not tear her 
away from the ding}^, dignified, green 
old home where she was born, and the 
simple, fixed, old-time life in which 
she was surrounded by friendliness, 
albeit most of the friends were gone? 
It was gallant, yes, surely there was 
something to stir the blood in seeing 
so frail, so unarmed a creature take up 
the gage of battle against such odds; 
but it was painful, too. I all but 
resented the pangs she gave me. One 
day I said to myself, "This is worse 
than living one's own struggle over 
again," and that was a bitter saying. 
I was standing in one room of a news- 
paper office when I saw her enter an 
adjoining one. -She went up to the 
managing editor's desk with her little 
soft, unbusiness-like manner, and 
seemed to be asking something. The 
man did not look up: if he had he 
surely would have spoken differently; 
but he was desperately busy, and he 
simply put his hand in a pigeon-hole 

and drew out a package of manuscript, 
saying irritably, as he gave it a shove 
along the desk, "Not a thing there 
that's worth a cent to us." 

Oh, just the most ordinary business 
incident in the world; but poor little 
Fannie Marchbanks 0%'erman ! She 
took up her papers — I noticed again 
how old her hands looked — and moved 
away as if she did not quite see where 
she was going. I drew back out of 
sight. There are some pains that sym- 
pathy can only double. 

I often had Miss Fanny at the little 
flat I kept with a friend, a girl who 
painted and taught. She never came 
to regard our establishment as a nor- 
mal one, and she always hovered about 
me with a futile overflow of maternal 
care that was not in the least checked 
because it reversed the facts of our 

"My baby child," she exclaimed 
beneath her breath, as she first sat 
down in our microscopic reception- 
room and looked about her, "to think 
of your trying to live in all these 
Yankee ways. I hope you take good 
care of her," she said to Amy, patting 
me softly. Amy looked blank for an 

She had an air of relief as well as 
pleasure when she found me one night 
dressing for a reception. All her 
innate love of the decorative and 
romantic came bubbling forth. "Ah, 
how becoming that is to you!" she 
exclaimed. "My father used to say 
that it was a test of blood and raising 
for people to dress up; that if there 
was anything common in them it 
would come out when they were in 
their best clothes. And shall you see 
any of the gentlemen of your office?" 
she asked, in an elaborately incidental 
way; and disappointment was in her 
face when I said I hardly thought I 

"And they don't any of them come 
to see you," she went on. "I suppose 
you don't let them." 



"Dear Miss Fanny, it has never 
come up. I don't think any of them 
ever thought of coming to see me." 

"Dear me ! Well, these Northern 
men are beyond me. I never knew of 
any gentlemen before who did not 
think of paying some attention to a 
charming girl whom they had the 
privilege of knowing." 

Amy, who was standing behind Miss 
Fanny's chair, turned her eyes and 
hands to heaven, and then for one 
instant placed her palms in an attitude 
of benediction above Miss Fanny's 
infantine old head. 

"I suppose you have to have your 
meals according to these New York 
ways, with your dinner in the evening, 
on Miss Amy's account," she said. 

"Yes," I replied, "Amy prefers it so." 
It was a safe assertion, though I had 
never heard her express herself on the 
subject. Like the true Southerner she 
was. Miss Fanny never ceased to regard 
New York as the outside, phenomenal 
thing, and the standard of Wexville 
as the normal and accepted ones, 
although in her writing she flexibly 
enough assumed the other tone. That 
was mental ; the maintenance of ancient 
standards personally was inarticulately 
felt to be a matter of loyalty and char- 

Miss Fanny and I each experienced 
some good luck about the same time. 

The "Evening Appeal" found occa- 
sion to send me abroad, and Miss 
Fanny obtained a little regular work 
— the superintendence of the corres- 
pondents' column on a weekly paper. 
This brought her in only the most 
trivial sum, four or five dollars a 
week; but it did not take much time, 
and I knew from experience how 
happy was the change from total 
uncertainty to even this sum assured. 

I hoped to see her make herself a 
little more comfortable and treat her- 
self to a new gown. But when I sailed 
she came to see me off in the same 
overbrushed little outfit of rusty black 

that she had worn the day I first saw 

A number of people visited me at 
the dock that daj^, and it has been a 
bitterly intruding thought since that I 
did not give Miss Fanny all the atten- 
tion that God knows was in my heart 
for her; and it does not soften that 
reflection, but brings the keener pang, 
to remember that she was too much 
absorbed and delighted by my momen- 
tary social importance to have any 
thought of herself. 

She went about giving my acquaint- 
ances disjointed bits of my history, 
personal and ancestral; and t&lling 
them with tears in her eyes how brave 
I was living here in New York, away 
from everything I'd been used to, and 
starting off now all alone on this 
voyage, though I was naturally of the 
most shrinking and feminine disposi- 
tion. Dear Miss Fanny ! 

I did very little letter-writing dur- 
ing the eight months I was gone. I 
heard from Miss Fanny only once; but 
she was one of those who had urged 
that I spend none of my precious time 
reading or writing letters, so I was not 
surprised at her silence. 

When I came back I went to the 
"business woman's boarding-house" 
the day after landing to look her up. 
Amy had just returned from a four 
months' absence herself — this was in 
September — and could give me no 
news of her. 

The square was dusty and deserted; 
the house as I went in seemed pecu- 
liarly desolate in its orderly gloom. 
The servant was a new one; she had 
never heard of Mrs. Overman, and an 
indefinite dread began to gather 
around me. I sent for Mrs. Martin. 
• She came in colorless, sad dignity, 
and stood silently before me. 

"Tell me," I said. 

"She died in this house three months 

She sat down. 

"I am sorry you were not here. It 



was a beautiful, easy death. She was 
not sick. We found her lying on her 
bed one day with a letter in her hand, 

In the midst of all tlu' formless 
thoughts and feelings crowding upon 
me I was i^ierced by a foolish grief 
that my little woman should die on one 
of those prison-like cots, so strange 
and unhomely to her. 

"The letter," Mrs. Martin went 
steadily on, after a moment's silence, 
"I had buried with her, but I kept a 
copy of it. This is it." 

l" half hesitated. 

"I don't think you need mind read- 
ing it," she said. 

It was very brief. Iia half a dozen 
lines Anthony Stottman acknowledged 
the receipt of a final payment of fifty 
dollars as wiping out the principal 
and interest of a debt of three thou- 
sand dollars left unpaid in the settling 
up of Judge Marchbank's estate. 

Ah, it was brief, but to what years 
of pinching and struggle, and high 
and tender purpose, that awkward 
paper testified. I saw all those years 
in a heart-bursting moment's glance. 
It was love as much as honor that had 
sustained little Fanny ]\Iarchbanks 
through that long task, so little in 
itself, so Titanic for her; no stain must 
rest on the great name her father 
left behind him. Through more years 
than I had lived ever}'' hour must have 
been colored- to her by this heroic reso- 
lution. It had become her reason for 
living. When she had accomplished 

this end, the shock of revolution in her 
outlook, the withdrawal of the great 
motive, had been too much; the light 
that had been sustained so long ceased. 
Mrs. Martin told me that Mrs. Over- 
man had been restless, had almost 
ceased to write for two weeks before 
her death, although she seemed well. 

Yes, I knew, I knew how, as with a 
child, the thought of her great 
achievement had absorbed her, and 
how she could not be at ease till the 
sensible testimony of it was in her 
hand. That brought her ease indeed. 
Truly it was a beautiful way to die. 

''Where — where did you bury her?" 
I forced myself to ask. 

"I was at my wit's ends. Miss Add- 
ington. Those I might have learned 
something from about her relatives 
were out of town, and I didn't know 
which way to turn; but at last I put 
her in m}' own plot, where I shall lie 
some day myself. I thought you 
would come after a while and tell me 
what to do. She left nothing but a 
fcAv dollars, seven or eight, but I had 
things done decently. I know Mrs. 
Overman was a lady, and that letter 
showed she was something more. Miss 
Addington. I was glad to pay her 
respect." Mrs. Martin concluded with 
firm doAvnrieht reflections, "God bless 

Miss Fanny had won for hei-self, in 
her last strange need, hospitality 
instead of charity, and with her letter 
on her bosom she might well be an 
honored guest. 


Some Significant Facts in Regard to Condi= 
tions in Washington City 

ALL remember well, no doubt, the 
Wiley- Wilson-McCabe contro- 
versy; its Congressional investi- 
gation, and the deplorable result in 
the loss of the services to the Govern- 
ment of Dr. Wiley, head of the Bureau 
of Chemistry, Department of Agricul- 

Dr. Wiley, Chief Chemist for the 
United States Government, was the 
sturdy bulwark against the would-be 
nullifiers of the National Pure Food 
Law. He stood for the National 
health and general welfare against the 
destroj'ers of the health of the nation 
with adulterated food and noxious 
patent medicines. 

Dr. Wiley was in the way of the 
assassins of national health and must 
be put down and out. But how? 

Solicitor McCabe, of the Depart- 
ment of Agriculture, nullified Chief 
Wiley's official rulings in behalf of 
the people. McCabe seemed leagued 
with the predatory food-poisoners in 
their raid upon the national health. 

The nation cried out against 
McCabe's strange union with the food 
adulterators against their friend 
Wiley. The Congress investigated, 
upheld, and vindicated Wiley. The 
President approved the Congressional 

But what of McCabe? Both could 
not be right. Wiley found to be in 
the right, McCabe, then, must be in 
the wrong. 

Well, McCabe was white-washed, 
and is still holding down his job in the 
Department of Agriculture. And 
Wiley is not there to watch him. 

But why was not McCabe ousted? 

McCabe is a Papist, and a "promi- 
nent" Knight of Columbus of the 
glittering sword "Fourth Degree" 

bombastic Irish crowd cutting "the 
Papal way to the White House." That 
is the key to the situation. It wound 
up the President and silenced the Con- 
gress. It was on the eve of the 
national election. The Papal vote 
was precious. So Solicitor McCabe 
stayed, and he is staj'ing yet. 

Dr. Wiley though, out of self- 
respect, could not continue with 
McCabe, and he resigned. Then the 
Department of Agriculture lost its 
best officer; one the Government can- 
not replace in ability and watchfulness 
of the country's interests, and the peo- 
ple lost as courageous and forceful a 
champion of their rights as ever stood 
for law and order. 

But McCabe — Mr. Solicitor 
McCabe ! Bah ! He hangs on, and 
thereby the Papists profit. That is all 
they want.' For, has not Archbishop 
Ireland many times publicly com- 
manded the appointment of Papists to 
places of iDublic trust simply because 
of their religion? Yes, certainly; and 
being in office, will they not give all 
the good places to their co-religionists 
first, and after a while, fill all the 
places with them? Juvenile Judge 
DeLacy Romanized his Court from 
two to five officers to nine officers, all 
Papists — all in five years. And, of 
such is the kingdom of Papacy. It 
never fails. And in it is a mixing of 
government of Church and State — 
the deadliest menace to free institu- 
tions and liberty. The remedy? A 
National party against a Clerical 
party. And the sooner, the better. 

Congress gives the President of the 
Nation a private secretary at $7,500 a 
year. President Taft selected Mr. 
Hilles to fill the position. Mr. Hilles' 
wife is a Roman Catholic. That is all 
right from the standpoint of nature. 



but all wrong from the standpoint of 
the Church. 

From the standpoint of observation 
of the workings of the Romish priest- 
hood, give me an out-and-out Romish- 
Irish politician for straight political 
legerdemain in preference to a Pro- 
testant politician with a Papal 
wife dominated by Papal "Fathers" 
So-and-So. There is always a nigger 
in every woodpile of that combination. 
The Papal priest will work the Pro- 
testant politician through the Papal 
wife, and it is the same whether the 
Protestant party be President of the 
Nation or president of a bank; or the 
President's private secretary, or his 
campaign manager. 

Mr. Hilles was promoted by the 
President from his private secretary 
to his campaign manager. 

A contest arose between Mr, Cabell 
and Mr. Martin of Virginia, for place 
of Republican National Committee- 
man from that State. It went up to 
the President's secretary to decide. 
The President's secretary took the 
Roman Catholic to his bosom, and, 
later, as the President's campaign 
manager, made him one of his 
advisory board of a selected few to 
re-elect President Taft. It was a 
mighty hit and it scored with the 

The President's private secretary, 
and his Papal wife would seem a suf- 
ficiency of Papacy in the "N-NHiite House 
at one time, but it was not. Mrs. Taft, 
the President's wife, had a Papist for 
her private secretary. The Papists 
were knee deep in clover, for the 
Romanization of the United States. 

The President, this November 14th, 
announces that Mr. Hilles will soon be 
back on his old job as his private sec- 
retary in the White House. His 
Papal wife will be at his side. That 
is right in the regular order of things. 

But the Papal priests will make the 
most of it. Watch them. It is the 

order of Papacy. Read the Book of 

Wonder if DeLacy will land again 
in his Juvenile Court job? Not if the 
Lutherans know it. But the Papal 
priests -have the inner circle of the 
White House through the Papal wife 
of the President's private secretary. 

But what difference does it make? 
The Papal j^riests are red hot after 
every Juvenile Court job in the coun- 
try, simply for the children in it, for 
Romish purposes, and Mr. Taft is 
reported as smiling and saying, "Well, 
if I don't re-appoint Judge DeLacy, 
I'll have to appoint some other Roman 

To what a pass have we come ! Oh, 
for a Leonidas! 

The other day, Papal delegates 
from all over the country met in the 
Papal University of America, here in 
Washington, ostensibly to discuss 
charity, but their chief theme was 
children. Some of them said that 
waj'S and means had to be devised to 
keep Papal immigrant children out of 
the hands of the "heretics," meaning 
the Protestants. What struck me most 
forcibly was the great number of 
Roman Catholic Juvenile Court offi- 
cers making addresses. They were 
from everywhere. It seems as if they 
run all the Juvenile Courts in the 
country. Wiy do the Papists get the 
Juvenile Courts? Simply to control 
the children; spirit them into "Houses 
of the Good Shepherd," and the like 
for their Romish purposes. There 
were Juvenile Court speakers from 
Boston, New York, Philadelphia, 
Baltimore, Washington — everywhere. 
Even Judge DeLacy was moved to 
talk. For shame, too, when we know 
his damnable practices of forcing nine- 
year-old girls to submit to sexual 
examination for proof of chastity to 
satisfy Jesuitical curiosity. 

Then, in a body, those Papal dele- 
gates called on the President — just a 
social 'call, they said. Nevertheless, 



they got the ear of the President for 
praise of DeLacy. Don't forget that. 
And it was just before election, too. 
But the President met his Waterloo. 
We wonder now what he is going to 
do Avith DeLacy ! 

I have just learned that there have 
disappeared from the files of the 
Juvenile Court all record of the cases 
of the sexual examination, by order of 
Juvenile Court Judge DeLacy, of girls 
ranging from the tender age of nine 
years up. 

^Y[\ilt has become of those records? 
It was from them that there were 
obtained the facts of the Lutheran 
resolution as published in Watson's 
Magazine and The Jeffersonian^ and 
quoted by papers throughout the 
land. Why have those records been 
removed? Have they been destroyed? 
If so, by whom and for what motive? 
They are gone and it sets us to think- 

When we remember that the Luth- 
eran resolutions against DeLacy 
appeared in the Congressional Record 
for him, we were surprised. On seeing 
those resolutions in the Congressional 
Record for DeLacy, we surmised that 
the resolutions themselves would then 
be removed from the Senate files and 
be destroyed. Perhaps they have been 

Now learning that the Juvenile 
Court records, upon which those 
Lutheran resolutions were based and 
exactly copied, are missing from their 

lawful places in DeLacy 's Juvenile 
Court, we are dumfounded. But we 
will not pass judgment hastily, 
although DeLacy's Juvenile Court of 
nine officers is wholly Roman Cath- 
olic. They are the custodians of the 
records of that Juvenile Court of con- 
stituted authorit}^ — the constituted 
authority of the United States (?) — • 
and Taft says, "All Roman Catholics 
are loyal to constituted authority." 
We rest upon it and hope that the 
records are not destroyed. But we 
cannot help but remember the Jesuiti- 
cal trickery Avith the Congressional 
Record^ as aforesaid, and our confi- 
dence is shaken. 

Perhaps Attorney-General Wicker- 
sham has those records, or, may be, the 
President. Truly we hope so. 

We await their return to their 
proper place with doubt. We cannot 
help thinking that it is another Jesuit- 
ical trick in destruction of the public 
record standing in evidence against 

In the meantime, we await with 
interest the President's recommenda- 
tion in the DeLacy matter, and won- 
der if it will be another political 
straddle as in the Valentine garb 
order, rendered just before election, 
after a year's delay. 

For the sake of free institutions, we 
hope not. 

Indeed, may the President remem- 
ber his recent Waterloo, and heed its 

A New Book of Prose Miscellanies 

MY first book of Prose Miscellanies 
consists of pieces that are emo- 
tional and reflective. 

Those articles were the products of 
the occasional moods into which each 
of us falls, now and then. 

But my ncAv book is made up of 
writino-s which cover a wide field ol 
literature, biograplw, history and' per- 
sonal experience. 

I have never done any better work 
than there is collected in this book of 
405 pages — a book printed beautifully 
on a fine quality of paper, and illus- 
trated with scores of pictures, 

(A Table of Contents follows.) 

Now what I propose to do is this: 

Send to me, personally, a club of 5 
new subscribers to this Magazine, or to 
The Weekly J eff ersoman^ and I wdll 
have mailed to you, postpaid, a copy of 
my new book. 

I w^ant you to write to my personal 
address, for the reason that I want to 
see who are those readers w^ho are 
truly interested in my life work, and 
who wish to preserve my best w^ritings. 

Here is a list of the articles which 
make up the new book: 

Contents — • Page. 

Random Reminiscences of Toombs 

and Stephens 1- 

The Wise Man and the Silly King_ 27 

A Gross Insult to the Scotch 38 

Robert Toombs: A Life Sketch; 
Some Anecdotes, and His Last 

Public Speech 57 

The Glorv That Was Greece 83 

Contents — Page. 
Edgar A. Poe 101 

Wit and Humor 105 

The Egyjitian Sphinx and the 
Negro 110 

The Passing of Lucy and RoUo 100 

Concerning Abraham Lincoln and 

the Civil War ICC 

The Struggle of Church Against 

State in France 185 

AVith Brisbane at Delmonico's 190 

The Roman Catholic Hierarchy 

and Politics 21G 

The Oddities of the Great 231 

Pages Lost from a Book 237 

Tolstoy and the Land 244 

The Stewardship 250 

The Reign of the Technicality 254 

Concerning Money 200 

A Bitter Attack Upon the South__ 207 

"Take the Children" 279 

"Where Am I At?" 287 

The Man and the Land 290 

Is the Study of Latin and Greek 
Necessary to the Practical Law- 
yer? 310 

As to Orators and Oratory 324 

Socialism and One of Its Great 

Books 327 

Common Sense Education 343 

Some xVftermath of the Civil War 
(Stephens, Toombs, Sen Hill, 
The Ku Klux Klan, the Colquitt 

Campaign of 1880, Etc.) 3-10 

Teasing a Single-Taxer 300 

Paper Money and John Law 378 

The Dartmouth College Decision. 384 
Thos. E. Watson's Tribute to the 
Late Sam Jones on His Fiftieth 

Birthday 300 

Our American Judicial Oligarchy- 398 

"Harvtit" — iy Vincmt Adercnte. 


There has been a bumper crop. 

This is because the tiUers of the soil 
have been industrious, and the rain and the 
sun have favored their plantings. 

There has been industrial activity. 

The makers of things in factories have 
been busy. They have had w^ork to do 
and pay for doing it. 

There has been commercial success. 

The people who buy and sell and fetch 
and carry have been doing a lot of business 
and they have been paid for doing it. 

The country is prosperous because all 
the people have been busy. 

Good crops and good times can be en- 
joyed only when the Government main- 
tains peace and harmony. 

This task of the Government is made 
comparatively easy because the American 

people have been enabled to become so 
well acquainted with each other. They 
know and understand one another. They 
are like one family. 

The producer and consumer, no matter 
where they live, are close together. 

This is largely due to our wonderful 
facilities for intercommunication. We ex- 
cel in our railways, our mails and our tele- 
graphs, and, most of all, in our telephones. 

The Bell System has fourteen million 
miles of wire spread over all parts of 
the country. Each day there are twenty- 
five million telephone talks all the way from 
twenty feet to two thousand miles long. 

The raiser of crops, the maker of things, 
and the man of commerce, all are helped 
to co-operate and work together for peace 
and prosperity by means of the Universal 

American Telephone and Telegraph Company 

And Associated Companies 

One Policy One System 

Universal Service 






Dear Sir: 

(1) Are the Greenbacks all retired, and 
if so, when retired? 

(2) Are the Greenbacks legal tenders? 

(3) Are National Bank bills legal ten- 
der paper, and if not, on what basis do 
they have circulation? 

(4) What is meant by "free coinage" 
as advocated by silver men? 

(5) Could the holder of greenbacks 
during the War convert them into Gov- 
ernment bonds at their face value? 

(6) Did the United States Government 
ever propose to pay the National Debt in 
silver or gold at its option, and when? If 
not, why not? 

(7) If silver coin is not a legal tender, 
why do silver dollars pass current at their 
face value, and why do National Banks 
pay out their silver at their counters and 
refuse to exchange them, as is usually the 
case, for gold? 

(8) Who determines the value of for- 
eign coins? 


Steamboat Springs, Colo. 

Answer : 

(1) No. $346,000,000 still circulate, 
much to the annoyance of the National 

(2) Yes. Except for Import dues and 
interest on Bonds. 

(3) The law declares that they are 
"money" and guarantees their payment: 
hence they pass as money, but are not, 
strictly speaking, Legal Tender. The 
basis of their circulation is the Credit of 
the Government. The people have to pay 
taxes to meet the interest on the bonds in 
order that the National Bankers shall 
have the vast profit and power of using 
the Government Credit for their private 

(4) The privilege of taking silver bul- 
lion to the mint and having it turned into 
coin on the same terms that are granted 
to the owners of gold bullion. 

(5) Yes. 

(6) The Public Debt, at the time it was 
contracted, was payable in lawful money. 
The same motives which led the money- 

Kings to impair the credit of the Green- 
back with the "Exception Clause," led 
Congress to change the law to the effect 
that the bonds should be payable in Coin. 
This of course meant either silver or gold, 
at the option of the Government. Another 
step was taken and the bonds are now 
payable in gold. 

(7) Because, under the rulings of the 
Secretary of the Treasury, the Gold 
Reserve can be drawn upon to keep silver 
and paper currency up to the Gold Stand- 
ard. I presume that National Bankers 
prefer to keep their gold because it is the 
money of final payment. 

(8) Commercial usage, and the banks. 
Foreign coins have no legal status. Their 
value and currency is a matter of private 
agreement. T. E. W. 


Dear Sir: Will you please answer the 
following in the Educational Department 
of your Magazine? 

(1) Where can I get a McEllicot's 
"Debater?" I have been to my book store 
and they haven't got it, and do not know 
where to order it from. 

(2) I want to be a first class lawyer, 
and r want to know if it would be better 
to go on and get a High School and Col- 
lege education, and have all of those dead 
languages to learn, or get a High School 
education and read and learn all neces- 
sary studies at home, and state what 
books and where I can get them, which to 
study first, second, third and all the rest 
until I have finished my course. 

Yours for success. 

Milledgeville, Ga. 

P. S. — Is there any use studying 
ancient history? 


(1) I find that McEllicott's Debater is 
out of print. 

(2) Get a thorough High School Edu- 
cation and let the dead languages go to 
thunder. If you want to learn any other 
language than English, study French. 

P. S. Yes: there. is a good deal of use 




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in studying ancient history. It is worth a« 
great deal for a man to have a clear gen- 
eral idea of what was done on this earth 
before he got here. 

You don't want to feel bad because of 
your ignorance when gentlemen with 
whom you may be talking refer to Semi- 
ramis, Alcibiades, Cyrus, Alexander, 
Csesar and the rest of those ancient celeb- 
rities. Oh, yes: read up on history, 
ancient and modern, so that w^hen you 
associate with intelligent people you will 
know what they are talking about. 

T. E. W. 


Dear Sir: What are some of the dis- 
tinguishing features of the "Code Napo- 
leon?" y jgji 

Which do you consider the half-dozen 
most important and significant events in 
the history of the world in 1905? Ditto 
in the history of the United States for 

Who were the ten or twelve greatest 
statesmen in the South during the Recon- 
struction Period? 

Dividing the history of the United 
States from 1860 to 1905, into epochs, 
w^hat periods would you name? 

Did not Roosevelt's administration 
mark a new period or epoch? 
Yours truly. 

Belfast Mills, Va. 


(1) To answer with any fulness would 
require more space than we can now 
spare. The Code Napoleon follow^s, in a 
general way, the Roman Civil Law, while 
most State Codes in the United States are 
founded upon the Common Law of Eng- 

(2) The war between Russia and 
Japan; the separation of Norway and 
Sweden; the defeat of Clericalism in 

France; the quasi-alliance between Great 
Britain and France; the overtiirow of the 
Tory ministry in England and the appoint- 
ment of a Labor Agitator as a member of 
the Cabinet; the "butting in" of the Ger- 
man Emperor in IMorocan affairs; the 
labor and peasant revolutionary move- 
ments in Russia. 

(3) The Hearst campaign in New York 
City; the Roosevelt peace; the Life 
Insurance revelations; the Lawson articles 
on Frenzied Finance; the President's dec- 
laration for Federal regulation of rail- 
ways; the set-back to political Bossism in 
the State and City elections last Fall; the 
establishment of this Magazine. 

(4) Zebulon Vance of North Carolina; 
George G. Vest of ]\Iissouri; L. Q. C. 
Lamar of IMiss., John T. IMorgan of Ala., 
Benj. H. Hill of Ga.; James Z. George of 
Miss.; Roger Q. Mills of Tex.; James B. 
Beck of Ky. 

(5) The War Period is a distinct 
epoch; the Reconstruction Period is 
another, and this period may be said to 
have ended when President Hayes with- 
drew the troops from the South. 

The election of a so-called Democrat 
(Cleveland) over a Republican (Blaine) 
may also be said to have marked the 
advent of another epoch. 

The :\IcKinley-Mark Hanna dispensation 
was also an epoch and will take its place 
in history as the high-water mark of 
class-legislation. Trust making and rotten 

Yes; Roosevelt seems to be making 
himself an epoch — just what sort of one 
neither he nor anybody else seems to 
know. T. E. W. 


Dear Sir: Every month your Magazine 
grows better and your editorials are great 
in their unborrowed simplicity, power and 




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Just send a postal. We will show you an eye opener. 


3732Gycamore Street Cincinnati, O. 

naturalness, and in their humble con- 
sciousness of truth and right. 

( 1 ) But liow do you manage to call 
Napoleon a Democrat? I reverence the 
word Democrat, it is my religion as well 
as my politics, and I don't like to hear 
such an unquestioned autohrity as you call 
him a Democrat. It will be an interesting 
article, I think, if you answer my objec- 

(2) In an answer to a correspondent in 
regard to the best English histories you 
omit the favorite^ — my favorite — and I 
think the best — John Richard Green's 
"Shorter History of the English People." 
Why (lid you omit it? Another interesting 

(3) I can't understand what you mean 

by saying that the "cry of the people 
ground down by their masters, was what 
brought Napoleon back from Elba." 1' 
have read your history of Napoleon, too. 
Was it not solely his ambition, and he saw 
in the di.saffection of the people a chance 
to swell liis annies? 

Let me congratulate you on Clarence 
Darrow's story. It has the element that 
made Burns and Wordsworth. 

Please accept my congratulations. 
Wishing you a Merry Christmas and you 
and your INIagazine a Happy and Prosper- 
ous New Year. 

Yours very truly, 

Passaic, N. J. . 

Answer : 

(1) I call Napoleon a democrat because 
he made war upon caste and privilege, 
upon Kings and aristocracies, and because 
he favored universal education, equal 
opportunities for all, and equal rights for 

In judging any man, great or small, you 
must allow for environment. 

Born in Corsica, and coming to France 
to be educated for the army in a royal 
school. Napoleon could hardly be the kind 
of democrat the average American boy so 
naturally becomes. 

France was ruled by a King and aris- 
tocracy, just as other European nations 
were. Monarchical institutions, hundreds 
of years old, stood on every hand. 

The Revolution crashed through them 

Statement of the Ownership, Management, Etc. 

of Watson's Magazine, published Monthly at Thomson, Ga., required by the Act of 

August 24, 1912. 

Editor, Thos. E. Watson, Thomson, Ga. 

Managing Editor, Alice Louise Lytle, Thomson, Ga. 

Business Manager, Thos. E. Watson, Thomson, Ga. 

Publisher, The Jeffersonian Publishing Co., Thomson, Ga. 

Owners: (If a corporation, give names and addresses of stock holders holding 
1 per cent or more of total amount of stock.) 

Thos. E. Watson Thomson, Ga. 

Alice Louise Lytle, Thomson, Ga. 

Known bondholders, mortgagees, and other security holders, holding 1 per cent 
or more of total amount of bonds, mortgages, or other securities; 



Sworn to and subscribed before me this 30th day of Sept., 1912. 

W. A. HOSS, 
[SEAL.] Justice of the Peace. 

(My commission expires January, 1913.) 



all, and prostrated them all, but the Revo- 
lution could not sustain itself. Reaction 
set in, and there was danger of a Bourbon 

Napoleon struck in at "the psychologi- 
cal moment," and became the people's 
King. Personally he became despotic, but 
his work was always democratic. 

I call him a democrat because he made 
it possible for the poorest boy in France 
to advance to the highest pinnacle of 
glory; because he lifted the boycott 
against men of obscure birth and made 
merit the test of distinction; because he 
abolished the outrageous privileges of 
feudal nobility in every part of Europe 
which came under his control; because he 
rebuked the bigotry of priest hood and 
punished a clerical Ass who had insulted 
the corpse of an actress; because he 
scornfully repulsed the flatterers who 
wished to "make up" a fine ancestral tree 
for him, and proudly dated his nobility 
from the date of his first great achieve- 
ment; because he studied to improve the 
condition of the common people; because 
he tried to make school-teaching practical 
— that is he tried to have his schools fit 
every boy for the career which that boy's 
talent was suited for; because he equal- 
ized taxation; because he based his 
administration and his Code upon the 
broad righteous principle of "Equal 
Rights for all and special privileges for 

(2) An oversight. Green's "Short His- 

tory" is a classic and every library should 
contain it. 

(3) The Bourbons had broken the 
pledges which they had make as a condi- 
tion precedent to their being restored. 
Not until Talleyrand and the other 
traitors had besought the help of the 
Czar Alexander, would Louis XVIII' even 
reforms which had been promised, 
go through the form of granting the 

When the Allied armies withdrew, the 
Bourbon reaction set in with a headlong 
rush. The veteran soldiers of the army 
were affronted brutally by young aristo- 
cratic officers who had never smelled gun- 
powder. Napoleon's officers who had won 
renown on scores of battle-fields were con- 
temptuously maltreated. The wives of 
the officers were snubbed by the high- 
born dames of the old nobility. 

The revolutionary and Napoleonic sys- 
tem was being uprooted in various direc- 
tions, and the people of France realized 
that the Bourbons meant to restore the 
Old Order with all of its brutal inequali- 
ties and injustice and oppression. The 
people saw that the Bourbon restoration, 
meant once more the galling chains of the 
noble and the priest. Hence, when Napo- 
leon came from Elba, the masses of the 
French hailed him wildly. They followed 
him with mad cries of "Hang the 
priests!" The Masses clamored for arms, 
asking to fight and die for The Man, 
Napoleon. Even after Waterloo, they 
clung to him frantically, tumultuously 

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■ •"^ t^Cf f t? ON FLINT RIVER, GEORGIA 

Ideal Land For Corn, Highland Cotton 
and General Farming 

Partly Improved 

Heavily Timbered 

For Terms Apply to 

Thos» E» Watson, - Thomson, Georgia 



rallying to him, and begging him to give 
them guns. Had Napoleon frankly thrown 
himself into the hands of the masses of 
the French people, he could have hung 
the Talleyrands, Fouches and Marmonts, 
and driven the Allies out of France. 

But Napoleon was a soldier of the 
Military Academy. He had no faith in 
the fighting quality of "the mob." 

Another hundred years had to elapse 
before the Boers of South Africa could 
show to the world that if your mob is the 
right sort of mob, and has the best guns, 
and can shoot with the best aim, it can 
knock your painfully disciplined army into 
a cocked hat. 

Yes: Clarence Darrow is a writer of 
marvelous power. Read his "An Eye for 
an Eye," and you will realize that the 
Chicago lawyer has all the genius of Tol- 
stoy when it comes to making a story of 
thrilling interest out of the commonest 
human materials. T. E. W. 


Dear Sir: I have seen it stated that 
the working people of this country make 
or create $7 worth of wealth for each day 
in the year. For every man engaged in 

gainful pursuits do the statistics justify 
such a statement. If so, we do not get 
our share. My father is a very great 
Populist and I aim to make some speeches 
in the future and will take it as a very 
great kindness if you will let me know if 
I will be perfectly safe in making that 

Thanking you in advance, I remain 
your great admirer. 

Van Dyck, Tenn. . 

Answer : 

There are 29,000,000 people in this 
country engaged in gainful pursuits. 

An author (Bolton Hall) who has 
devoted much study to our economic sit- 
uation states these producing citizens 
annually create wealth to the amount of 

You can figure out for yourself how- 
much each worker creates. Ten per cent 
of our population get almost all the 
annual production of wealth. 

T. E. W. 


My Dear Sir: A Republican here claims 
that the tariff shuts out the cheap labor 
of the European countries and on that 
account, the laborers here in our factories 

SC*** *** 's* *V *•* *¥* *i* *•* *m* *^ *^ *i* 'i* '^ '^ '^ '^ '^ '^ '^ *i* '^ '^ *^ '^ 'i* *m* 'i* *■* 'w* 'w* V* 

The Story of France 


Thos. E. Watson^s Masterpiece 

Chosen by the French Scholars as such 


The Jeffersonian Publishing Co. 

Thomson, - Georgia 

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get high prices. He says that the fac- 
tories of England pay their laborers 12 
or 15 cents per day on account or free 
trade in England. He says children work 
for 5 cents per day, and railroad engineers 
get only $4 per month. He says that if 
this country were to adopt free trade, the 
factories of the European countries could 
come over here and buy our cotton and 
raw products, ship them to England, 
manufacture them, ship them back here 
and sell them cheaper than our factories 
could do it, and the result would be that 
our factories would be compelled to close 
down, thus throwing thousands of people 
out of employment. I think his claims 
are extravagant. I want you to explain 
this fully. I want to be loaded for him 
the next time I meet him, and if I can get 
"loaded up" on your ammunition, I will 
dead sure knock him out. 

I have read all you have written about 
the Bank system and am prepared to put 
up a very fair argument. I don't under- 
stand this, ]\Ir. Watson. In a recent issue 
of your Magazine, you say there is no 
reason on earth why ehe Government 
should not loan the money direct to 
the people instead of the bankers. 
Please explain fully just how this could be 
done. How much per share did Cleveland 
get for the bonds that he sold on the 

midnight deal? I have heard it said that 
he sold them for $125 per share. 

Thanking you for the great work you 
are doing for the common people and with 
kindest regards to you personally, 
I am, very truly, 

Grand Prairie, Texas. 

P. S. — I am a Georgian. I met you per- 
sonally on two occasions at Athens. Per- 
haps you have long since forgotten me. I 
would consider it an honor to be known 
by you, and to know you as a personal 
friend. In '96 I wrote you from Athens 
for a copy of the P. P. P. I had mis- 
placed my copy wherein you showed up 
the littleness of Bill Arp's school history 
of Georgia. You sent me a copy from 
Thomson; I have it yet. 

Answer : 

The Republican who told you those 
things about English wages did not know 
what he was talking about. The idea of 
a railroad engineer getting four dollars 
per month, and factory hands being paid 
five cents per day! The figures are so 
ridiculous that even a Protection-soaked 
Republican ought to know better. 

If high Tariffs benefit the laborer, why 
is it that workmen get better wages in 




Regarded by Critics and Scholars as one 
of the best histories of the Man of Destiny 









free-trade England than in high-Tariff 
France, Italy and Germany? If high- 
Tariffs give the benefit to the laborer why 
is it that the Salvation Army had to save 
the factory hands at Fall River, Mass., 
from starvation, by ladling out free soup? 
The best paid laborers in the United 
States are the negroes of the South who 
raise cotton, a free trade product. The 
laborer gets a larger share of the cotton 
he produces than any employee in any 
protected industry. 

In England the wages paid to factory 
hands are at least equal to those paid in 
the United States when the amount of the 
wage is compared with the amount and 
quality of the product. 

Ask your Republican friend if he does 
not know that his great Apostle, James G. 
Blaine, made this assertion some thirty 
years ago. 

The statement was not denied then and 
cannot be denied now. 

There is a huge army of the poor and 
the unemployed in England, but it is not 
due to Free trade. 

It is the natural result of three things. 

(1) Land monopoly. 

(2) A diabolical financial system. 

(3) The host of non-producers who use 
the government as a means of getting 

their support and their wealth by oppress- 
ing the producers. 

The Government could easily establish 
a Bureau of Loans, and could adopt a 
business-like system of lending money 
direct to the people. 

This principle has been put in success- 
ful operation in Great Britain, Norway, 
Greece and other foreign countries. 

Not long ago, the firm of N. A. Harris 
& Co., of Chicago, New York and Boston, 
put out a Circular offering for sale "Sani- 
tary District of Chicago" bonds to the 
amount of $500,000. As a recommenda- 
tion of these bonds, Harris & Co., declared 
in the Circular that the United States 
Government had accepted the bonds as 
security for Government deposits. 

In other words, the National Banks 
have been borrowing the people's money 
out of the Treasury on the faith of these 
bonds. Of course, the banks paid no 

Now does it not occur to you that the 
Government could as well lend some of 
that money to you at four or six per cent 
interest upon security equally good, as to 
lend it to a favored few without interest? 

I do not believe that Mr. Cleveland 
profited personally by the sale of the 
bonds. He acted stupidly and he acted in 

► "♦• 

I Watson's ^Trose Miscellanies" 

This handsome volume contains the cream of Thos. E. Wat- 
son's short compositions, published during the last twenty-five 

The book is being delivered, and is in most attractive form. 

The indications are that the book will have a tremendous sale. 
If you would have your order promptly filled, mail it now, with 
$1.10 accompanying. 

The orders will be filled according to the miller's rule of 
" first come, first served." 

This does not include mailing or expressage 


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violation of law. The whole transaction 
had an ugly look because Morgan had 
recently been his client and Stetson (who 
drew the contract) had recently been his 
partner. But I do not think he acted 

Mr. Cleveland did not get $125 for the 

Oh, no. He sold them for 103 1-2, and 
Morgan, Belmont, Rothschild & Co. imme- 
(lijitely realized 112 1-4. T. E. W. 


Dear Sir: I am a regular reader of 
your Magazine, having bought the first 
one ever sold in our town. I like it very 
much. It speaks my sentiments better 
than I know how to express them myself. 
I have never heard but one thing said 
against your Magazine — one party 
thought you were a little hard on the 

I want to ask one question: If you 
were elected President of .the United 
States, and had a House and Senate of 
your own faith and political belief, and 
you were to abolish the gold standard and 
the National Banks, what effect would it 
have upon the country? Would not the 
banks totter and fall and ruin many 
depositors? Banks have become a neces- 

sity. In your message to Congress, what 
kind of banks and what kind of money 
would you recommend? 
Yours respectfully. 
Blue Hill, Neb. • 

Answer : 

(1) I don't think I have been "too hard 
on the darkey." 

Doctor Booker Washington, spoiled by 
too much praise, got too gay in his state- 
ments concerning the rapid progress of 
the negro in civilization. The Doctor's 
idea seemed to be that as soon as you 
caught a young African, washed him, 
combed him, put clothes on him, and 
taught him how to read, write and cipher, 
he was at once civilized. 

I know better than this, and the Doctor 
does now. He will be more particular 
how he claims superiority for the negro 
race, hereafter. Especially since his 
brethren in Santo Domingo have given 
that "Republic" another push hellwards. 

On that island, one of the most favored 
spots on the globe, the negroes had the 
advantage of beginning with an elegant 
civilization which the French had taught 

The negroes expelled the French, set up 
a government of their own, and the recora 





To Readers of The Jefiersonians : 

This knife is made of good steel, has strong rivets, and will last as well as 
most knives sold at $1.00 cash. 

The handle of the knife contains a photograph of our editor, Thos. E. 
Watson, and is a nice souvenir, as well as a useful article. 

We will send this knife to you, postpaid, for two subscriptions to The 
Jeffersonian or Watson's Magazine. Now, this does not mean your own sub- 

Subscriptions to the Jeff are easy to get, and it will only take a very 
short time for you to get this knife. Send us two subscriptions to either 
Watson's Magazine or The Jeffersonian at the regular rate of a dollar a year, 
total $2.00, and we will immediately forward the knife. 






IVIARCH, 1906 

Watson^s Magazine 



Watson's Magazine 


of their republic has been one of the foul- 
est blurs on the history of the human 
race. They get worse and worse and 
worse. There are not a sufficient number 
of whites in Santo Domingo to keep the 
negroes straight: in this country there 
are. That makes all the difference. 

(2) If I were President and could do 
away with the Gold standard, restoring 
the currency to the constitutional status, 
depriving the National Banks of the privi- 
lege of creating paper currency, and exer- 
sising that power directly by the use of 
Treasury Notes, why should the banks 
"totter and fall?" 

A good many of them have tottered and 
fallen; many more of them are going to 
"totter and fall." Why? Because the 
system is rotten. Thousands of individ- 
ual banks and bankers are as sound as 
gold dollars, but the system isn't, for the 
reason that too much bank-made currency, 
of various sorts, is afloat; the line of 
credits has been lengthened until it is 
about to snap; wild-cat speculation is 

rampant; and thousands of banks are 
dabbling in business which isn't legiti- 
mate banking. 

But I am opposed to Banks of Issue — 
that is, banks which issue their promises 
to pay and get rich on what they 
owe. These are the National Banks. 
Render to Caesar the things which are 
Caesar's; restore to the Government the 
sovereign power of issuing paper currency. 

Depositors would not be endangered by 
our policy of expanding the currency; the 
more money in circulation, the more cer- 
tain the depositors would be to get paid. 

(3) In my Message to Congress, I 
would recommend Postal Savings Banks, 
for the reasons I have frequently stated. 

The kind of money I would recommend 
would be that which the Fathers fixed in 
the Constitution, and which the practice 
of a hundred years seemed to render 
"irrevocable" — a system which had the 
sanction of Washington, Hamilton, Jeffer- 
son, Adams, , IMadison, Monroe, Jackson 
and Lincoln. 

The Constitutional system of currency, 
as shown by the law and the practice of 
Presidents, and the decisions of the 
Supreme Court, is Silver, Gold, Treasury 
Notes, and the silver dollar, was the unit 
of money. 

Congress sold itself to Bank of England 
agents, and changed our system of cur- 
rency to suit European financiers. 

Mr. August Belmont, of New York, 
could tell you how much Rothschild 
money his bank spent to bring about the 

And I hold in my desk sworn evidence 
that Ernest Seyd, Bank of England Agent, 
spent $4 84,000 for the same purpose. 

The fight for reform will never stop till 
you have wiped out that shame, and have 
put our financial system back on the 
sound basis built by the Fathers. 

T. E. W. 

"NEW TIDINGS OF JOY." Edited by 
Rev. R. H. Dudley and Geo. W. Sta- 
pleton. The Progressive Music Co., 
Eastman, Ga. 
This is a collection of some of the most 
tuneful of the old hymns which we have 
all been familiar with, from our youth up. 
There are a number of new hymns too, 
the whole collection being most desirable 
for meetings, Sunday Schools, Conven- 
tions, etc. The book is splendidly printed, 
well bound and should be most popular. 

A. L. L. 

LAND. By Alexander Hunter, Cob- 
den Publishing Co., Washington, D. 

The author was one of General John S. 
Mosby's men, a member of the Black 
Horse Cavalry. 

When he writes of the debatable ground 
in which such deeds of valor were done, 
one feels that his heart is in his subject. 

There is a melancholy refrain of Old 
Times, a Southern plantation life that 
will come no more. 

The description of conditions and adven- 
tures in the Mosby Confederacy, during 
the Civil War are graphic and most inter- 

The pen-picture of Mosby Is that of the 
ideal cavalier, organizer and fighter. But 
the Author states, that while the great 
partisan was admired and obeyed, he was 
not loved. He ruled by fear and confi- 

There are glowing tributes paid to the 
women of the Debatable Land, who were 
of the greatest assistance to Mosby in 
keeping him informed of the movement of 
the Union troops. 

The Jessie Scouts were Federals uni- 
formed like Confederates, and sent within 
the lines to act as spies. They were the 
dread of the Debatable Land. 

One of the tragedies resulting from this 
spy system is vividly related, Gen. Hood 
figuring in the episode. 

The daring Jessie Scout had come near 
wrecking the campaign of the Second 
Manassas, detaining Hood's advance to 
Jackson's relief half an hour. 

Other stirring adventeures with these 
Jessie Scouts are given, the author himself 
having nearly lost his life to one of them. 

Altogether, Mr. Hunter's book is one of 
the most unique, illustrating and interest- 
ing contributions to the literature of the 
Civil War. 

He has exploited a field, and a phase of 
the mighty struggle of the States which 
no other Author has done. T. E. W. 

FICTION. By William Dudley Foulke, 
The Cosmopolitan Press, 312 17th 
St., New York City. Price $1.40 by 
mail, $1.25 net. 
Mr. Foulke, the author of "Dorothy 
Day," among the great American novels 
of our period, the author of "Maya," a 
lyric poem worthy of the best traditions of 
the literature of our language, and the 
author of several other books that rank 
high in contemperaneous letters; a publi- 
cist; for many years the editor and the 
proprietor of one of our great city dailies; 
for a generation a student of the litera- 
tures of the western world, — where could 
be found any other man of letters so well 
qualified as Mr. Foulke to review the mas- 
terpieces of the masters of fiction? 

The books that he read in his boyhood 
and in his early manhood he read again 
when he was of middle age, and once more 
when he had entered upon the age of the 
riper wisdom. In this book he reviews 
those masterpieces only that must endure 
during all the future ages of man, — those 
books that become riper with ripening 
years, our friends that do not desert us, 
and that we love with increasing fervor. 

In these days of many books thousands 
of tens of thousands are asking. What 
shall I read? The books here reviewed, 
the beauties of which are pointed out by 
a master critic, are books for the boy, the 
girl, the young man, the young woman, 
for both sexes, and for all periods of life. 

For want of space, we mention but a 
few of the authors whose works are 
reviewed by Foulke, as follows: Rabelais, 
Cervantes, i^e Sage, Defoe, Swift, Field- 
ing, Johnson, Sterne, Goldsmith, Goethe, 
Chateaubriand, Austen, Irving, Scott, 



Manzoni, Balzac, Dumas, Bronte, Dickens, 
Hawthorne, Thackery, Feuillet, Flaubert, 
Hugo, Eliot, Blackmore, Merimee, Dos- 
toyevsky, Stevenson, Von Scheffel. 

Although the book is handsomely 
issued, and makes a large volume, it is 
sold at a price within the reach of all, — at 
$1.25 the copy net. Books of similar clas- 
sification, size, and expensiveness usually 
are sold at $2.50 the copy. It is a book 
that no student of literature, nor reader 
of literature, can afford to be without. 


By Carl Holllday, M. A. Neale Pub- 
lishing Company, New York, Pub- 

Most people read their poets — that is, 
their favorite poets — as they do their 
Bibles. Which is to say they read them 
in spots. 

Go to the most othordox Christian 
home, take up the family Bible, and leave 
it to open itself while you hold it. What is 
the result? The book opens automatically 
at the Sermon on the Mount, the Parable 
of the Prodigal Son, Ecclesiastes, and 
somewhere among the Psalms. 

Not one page in a thousand looks as if 
it had been fingered. More frequently, the 
Book presents the appearance of never 
being used at all. 

Poets — the favorites, I mean — are 
treated in much the same manner. Those 
that are not favorites are never read: 
those that are favorites are read in favor- 
ite places. 

The next time that you are in a library, 
examine a Milton, a Shakespeare, a Scott, 
a Byron, a Moore, a Longfellow, and look 
for evidences that they have been used. 

If I am not badly mistaken, you will 
discover that nine-tenths of the pages have 
a virgin freshness which proves that they 
yet await a lover. 

If that be the plight of "The Bards 
Sublime," what can we expect for those 
minor poets, who struck a lower note, and 
whose light has been obscured by the 
stars of the first magnitude? 

Even the books which pretend to give 
us histories of Literature, often omit the 
names of these lesser luminaries. 

Yet much of their verse is exquisite. 
And when we remember that the majority 
of the greater poets are remembered by 
a few of their shorter poems, wo might 
very well encourage the inclination to 
loiter awhile in the flower gardens of these 
Minor Poets — for it seems that the minor 
poemi is the one which has the better 
chanoe to survive. 

Of "The Cavalier Poets" none was of 
the first class. 

Robert Herrick was unquestionably the 
best of them all. Edmund Waller, per- 
haps, came next. 

But Sir John Suckling was the most 

modern of them all, in that he wrote in 
the unconventional, free-and-easy style 
that we find in Lord Byron's letters. He 
broke entirely, with the artificial style of 
such poets as Waller, and dared to be 

These biographical sketches are admira- 
ble, and the selections from the works of 
the poets well chosen. The book is a 
• treasure-house of historical fact, and of 
varied poesy. 

It gives, in one volume of 360 pages, 
everything of real interest that has here- 
tofore been buried in a score of dusty 

The author and the publishers deserve 
the thanks of all lovers of literature for 
this most excellent book. T. E. W. 

TIDE. By Helen D. Longstreet. 
Published by the Author, Gainesville, 

A book indispensable to a thorough 
knowledge of one of the world's Decisive 

The story of Gettysburg, as told in this 
magnificent book, is profoundly dramatic, 
vividly real, eternally impressive. 

Like Napoleon, Lee was a masterly 
strategist: like Napoleon, he was not a 
master of tactics. 

Like Napoleon, he fought his fatal 
battle in a field that called for tactics, and 
did not admit of strategy: like Napoleon 
at Waterloo, Lee at Gettysburg, neglected 
the strategic possibilities of the position, 
and delivered a face to face assault in the 
old way, and was beaten off, in the old 

Really, that is the whole truth about 
both these two great Decisive Battles, 
Waterloo and Gettysburg. 

Another similarity between the two 
great Captains on their two fatal fields is, 
that their ablest lieutentnts remonstrated 
with them, most earnestly and vainly, 
before the irretrievable mistake was 

It was Marshal Soult who warned 
Napoleon that he could not, by a front 
attack, drive the English from the strong 
position which they had taken on Mount 
St. John, 

It was General Longstreet who warned 
Lee that the Union troops could not be 
driven off the heights of Gettysburg, by 
direct assault. 

And Lee treated the opinion of his 
second-in-command as contemptuously as 
Napoleon treated the opinion of Soult. 
* * * « 

Unquestionably the noble Lee uttered 
nothing but the simple truth when, after 
the great fight was lost, declared — "This 
is all my fault." 

Never by look, word or line did he 
reproach any one for the crushing defeat, 



unless we except Gen. J. E. B. Stuart, to 
whom Lee said, upon the tardy arrival of 
his brilliant cavalry commander — 

"Vou are here nt last General." . 

The words "at last," imply a reproof 
which must have deeply stung the gal- 
lant Stuart, whose only weakness was that 
he was somewhat too fond of showy, 
spectacular "raids." 

Had he been with Lee, before the attack 
at Gettysburg, he might, by reconnois- 
sances, have made such discoveries of the 
nature of the ground occupied by the 
enemy as to have deterred Lee from 
ordering a front attack. 

Neither Lee nor Napoleon knew the 
ground on which they impusively fought 
their two fatal battles. 

* * m * 

From the first battle of the Civil War 
to the last one, Longstreet was there, a 
tower of strength. 

Moving with the regular precision of a 

law of nature, this strong figure moved 
in and out of the smoke of every bloody 

Next in command to Lee, he never 
failed his Chief; and on the night before 
Appomattox, he slept on his blanket within 
a few yards of the blanket of Lee. Never- 
theless, there was a preconcerted effort, 
after Ijee's deatJi, to make Longstreet the 
scape-goat of Gettysburg — and therefore 
of the Confederacy's failure. 

In her splendid book, the General's 
wodow — a most talented and courageous 
lady — overwhelmingly refutes her late 
husband's refamers and vindicates his 
military fame, triumphantly. 

Mrs. Longstreet gives a biographical 
sketch of the General; and brief accounts 
of many other battles than Gettysburg. 

She also tells a good deal about the 
war with Mexico, in which her late hus- 
band was engaged. 

(The price of the volume is $2.50.) 

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A Fearful Revenge. — "Don't you think 
it is dastardly to send a man an infernal 
machine?" asked Jones, while motoring 
with Brown. 

"Oh, I don't know," replied Brown, as 
the car gave a dying groan, half-way up 
the hill. "If I had an enemy, I'd send him 
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Where Figures Fail. — "Suppose coal is 
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"Oh, that's wrong." 

"I know it's wrong, but that's what he 
done." — Life. 

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What '' Sociali^s and Socialism'' Is 

First : A book of 158 pages. 

Second: An exhaustive study of the subject. 

Third: A thorough analysis and refutation of the "Bible of 
Socialism," Karl Marx' '"Capital." 

Fourth: An exposition of the cau.-;es which led to the inequal- 
ities of wealth, and a statement of the remedies which would restore 
conditions to an equitable basis. 

INlr. Watson considers this book to be fully equal to anything that 
he has ever done. There is more of his wide reading, knowledge of 
history, his life-long experience, his reasoning power, and his prose 
poetry, in "Socialists and Socialism" than is contained in any of his 
literary works. Price, postpaid, 65c. 

What "Bethany" Is 

The town of Thomson covers the site of an old-time Baptist 
church which was named Bethany. No vestige of the ancient building 
remains. Onl}^ a few neglected graves mark the spot. 

In describing Plantation life as he knew it, in picturing Thomson 
and its neighboring farms during the great Civil "War, Mr. Watson 
chose the name of the old Baptist church for his book. 

It is not only a love story of a young Confederate soldier, but is 
a thorough presentation of both sides of the controversy which ended 
in the mighty clash of arms. Price, cloth bound, postpaid, $1.31. 

What the "Waterloo" Book Is 

It is the most up-to-date description of the most dramatic battle 
in history. 

Two of the greatest soldiers the world ever knew commanded two 
of the best armies that ever took the field. 

The combat was one of the most Titanic that ever took place. And 
Napoleon had Wellington completely whipped, had not a fresh army 
of Prussians, under Blucher, struck him on the right flank. Then all 
was lost; and the clock of human progress in Europe was set back 
fifty years. 

It is a thrilling story. 

The book is bound in cloth. Price, postpaid, $1.10. 

Thomson, Georgia. 

What Does This Roman 
Catholic Threat Mean? 

In Brooklyn, New York, there is published a 
weekly paper named The Tablet, 

It claims to be " the Catholic weekly of the 
Brooklyn diocese, represents 700,000 Catholics in 
Kings, Queens, Nassau and Suffolk Counties." 

The first column of The Tablet — front page — 
carries the legend — 

By Valerian." 

The sixth paragraph of this column reads thus : 

" It must have been hard on General Miles 
when he stood on the stand for the unveiling of the 
Columbus statue in Washington, to see the Knights 
of Columbus pass by in parade. 

" The swords of the fourth degree men must 
have convinced him that the order is but waiting 
the opportunity to cut a path for the Pope into the 
White House." 

The issue which contains this amazingly insolent 
and threatening paragraph bears date June 15, 1912. 


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